Suttantapiṭake
Aṅguttaranikāyo
Tatiyo bhāgo
Pañcakanipāto
2. Dutiyaṃ paṇṇāsakaṃ
1. Nīvaraṇavaggo

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammāsambuddhassa

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5. 2. 1. 1.

(Nīvaraṇasuttaṃ)

1. Evaṃ me sutaṃ ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhu āmantesi bhikkhavo’ti. Bhadante’ti te bhikkhu bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca:

Pañcime bhikkhave āvaraṇā nīvaraṇā cetaso ajjhāruhā paññāya dubbalīkaraṇā. Katame pañca?

Kāmacchando bhikkhave āvaraṇo nīvaraṇo cetaso ajjhāruho paññāya dubbalīkaraṇo. Vyāpādo bhikkhave āvaraṇo nīvaraṇo cetaso ajjhāruho paññāya dubbalīkaraṇo. Thīnamiddhaṃ bhikkhave āvaraṇaṃ nīvaraṇaṃ cetaso ajjhāruhaṃ paññāya dubbalīkaraṇaṃ. Uddhaccakukkuccaṃ bhikkhave āvaraṇaṃ nīvaraṇaṃ cetaso ajjhāruhaṃ paññāya dubbalīkaraṇaṃ. Vicikicchā bhikkhave āvaraṇā nīvaraṇā cetaso ajjhāruhā paññāya dubbalīkaraṇā.

Ime kho bhikkhave pañca āvaraṇā nīvaraṇā cetaso ajjhāruhā paññāya dubbalīkaraṇā.

So vata bhikkhave bhikkhu, ime pañca āvaraṇe nīvaraṇe cetaso ajjhāruhe paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe appahāya abalāya paññāya dubbalāya attatthaṃ vā ñassati, [PTS Page 064] paratthaṃ vā ñassati, ubhayatthaṃ vā ñassati, uttariṃ vā1 manussadhammā alamariyañāṇadassanavisesaṃ sacchikarissatī’ti netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati.

Seyyathāpi bhikkhave nadī pabbateyyā dūraṅgamā sīghasotā hārahāriṇī, tassā puriso ubhato naṅgalamukhāni vivareyya, evaṃ hi so bhikkhave majjhe nadiyā soto vikkhitto visaṭo byādinno na ceva2 dūraṅgamo assa, na sīghasoto, na hārahārī. Evameva kho bhikkhave so vata bhikkhu ime pañca āvaraṇe nivaraṇe cetaso ajjhāruhe paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe appahāya abalāya paññāya dubbalāya attatthaṃ vā ñassati, paratthaṃ vā ñassati, ubhayatthaṃ vā ñassati, uttariṃ vā manussadhammā alamariyañāṇadassanavisesaṃ sacchikarissatī’ti netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati.

1. Uttari vā machasaṃ 2. Neva machasaṃ

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So vata bhikkhave bhikkhu ime pañca āvaraṇe nīvaraṇe cetaso ajjhāruhe paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe pahāya balavatiyā paññāya attatthaṃ vā ñassati, paratthaṃ vā ñassati, ubhayatthaṃ vā ñassati, uttariṃ vā manussadhammā alamariyañāṇadassanavisesaṃ sacchikarissatī’ti ṭhānametaṃ vijjati.

Seyyathāpi bhikkhave nadī pabbateyyā dūraṅgamā sīghasotā hārahāriṇī, tassā puriso ubhato naṅgalamukhāni pidaheyya, evaṃ hi so bhikkhave majjhe nadiyā soto avikkhitto avisaṭo abyādinno dūraṅgamo ceva assa sīghasoto ca hārahārī ca. Evameva kho bhikkhave so vata bhikkhu ime pañca āvaraṇe nīvaraṇe cetaso ajjhāruhe paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe pahāya balavatiyā paññāya attatthaṃ vā ñassati, paratthaṃ vā ñassati. Ubhayatthaṃ vā ñassati, uttariṃ vā manussadhammā alamariyañāṇadassanavisesaṃ sacchikarissatī’ti ṭhānametaṃ vijjati.

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5. 2. 1. 2.

(Akusalarāsisuttaṃ)

) Sāvatthinidānaṃ:)

2. Akusalarāsīti bhikkhave vadamāno ime* pañcanīvaraṇe sammā

Vadamāno

Vadeyya. Kevalohayaṃ1 bhikkhave akusalarāsī yadidaṃ pañcanīvaraṇā. Katame pañca?

Kāmacchandanīvaraṇaṃ, byāpādanīvaraṇaṃ thīnamiddhanīvaraṇaṃ, uddhaccakukkuccanīvaraṇaṃ,

Vicikicchānīvaraṇaṃ.

Akusalarāsīti bhikkhave vadamāno ime pañcanīvaraṇe sammā vadamāno vadeyya. Kevalohayaṃ bhikkhave akusalarāsī yadidaṃ ime pañcanīvaraṇā’ti. 2

*’Imo’ iti machasaṃ potthake na dissati.

1. Kevalohāyaṃ machasaṃ, kevalocāyaṃ syā

2. Ime pañcanīvaraṇānī’ti sīmu

[BJT Page 104]

5. 2. 1. 3

(Padhāniyaṅgasuttaṃ)

(Sāvatthi nidānaṃ:)

3. Pañcimāni bhikkhave padhāniyaṅgāni. Katamāni pañca?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu saddho hoti saddahati tathāgatassa bodhiṃ: itipi so bhagavā arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathī satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavāti. Appābādho hoti appātaṅko samavepākiniyā gahaṇiyā samannāgato nātisītāya nāccuṇhāya majjhimāya padhānakkhamāya.

Asaṭho hoti amāyāvī yathābhūtaṃ attānaṃ āvīkattā satthari vā viññūsu vā sabrahmacārīsu.

Āraddhaviriyo viharati akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ pahāṇāya kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ upasampadāya thāmavā daḷhaparakkamo anikkhittadhuro kusalesu dhammesu.

Paññavā hoti udayatthagāminiyā paññāya samannāgato ariyāya nibbedhikāya sammā dukkhakkhayagāminiyā.

Imāni kho bhikkhave pañca padhāniyaṅgānī’ti.

5. 2. 1. 4.

(Asamaya samayasuttaṃ)

(Sāvatthinidānaṃ)

4. Pañcime bhikkhave asamayā padhānāya. Katame pañca?

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Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu jiṇṇo hoti jarāya abhibhūto. Ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭhamo asamayo padhānāya.

Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave bhikkhu vyādhito hoti vyādhinā abhibhūto. Ayaṃ bhikkhave dutiyo asamayo padhānāya.

Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave dubbhikkhaṃ hoti dussassaṃ dullabhapiṇḍaṃ na sukaraṃ uñchena paggahena yāpetuṃ. Ayaṃ bhikkhave tatiyo asamayo padhānāya.

Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave bhayaṃ hoti aṭavīsaṅkopo1 cakkasamārūḷhā jānapadā pariyāyanti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave catuttho asamayo padhānāya.

Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave saṅgho bhinno hoti. Saṅghe kho pana bhikkhave bhinne aññamaññaṃ akkosā ca honti, aññamaññaṃ paribhāsā ca honti, aññamaññaṃ parikkhepā ca honti, aññamaññaṃ pariccajanā2 ca honti. Tattha appasantā ceva nappasīdanti. Pasannānañca ekaccānaṃ aññathattaṃ hoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave pañcamo asamayo padhānāya.

Ime kho bhikkhave pañca asamayā padhānāyā’ti.

1. Aṭavisaṅkopo sabbattha2. 2. Pariccajā machasaṃ syā.

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Pañcime bhikkhave samayā padhānāya. Katame pañca?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu daharo hoti. Yuvā susu kālakeso bhadrena yobbanena samannāgato paṭhamena vayasā. Ayaṃ bhikkhave paṭhamo samayo padhānāya.

Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave bhikkhu appābādho hoti appātaṅko samavepākiniyā gahaṇiyā samannāgato nātisītāya nāccuṇhāya majjhimāya padhānakkhamāya. Ayaṃ bhikkhave dutiyo samayo padhānāya.

Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave subhikkhaṃ hoti susassaṃ [PTS Page 067] sulabhapiṇḍaṃ, sukaraṃ uñjena paggahena yāpetuṃ. Ayaṃ bhikkhave tatiyo samayo padhānāya

Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave manussā samaggā sammodamānā avivadamānā khīrodakībhūtā aññamaññaṃ piyacakkhuhi sampassantā viharanti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave catuttho samayo padhānāya.

Puna ca paraṃ bhikkhave saṅgho samaggo sammodamāno avivadamāno ekuddeso phāsu viharati. Saṅghe kho pana bhikkhave samagge na ceva aññamaññaṃ akkosā honti. Na ca aññamaññaṃ paribhāsā honti. Na ca aññamaññaṃ parikkhepā honti. Na ca aññamaññaṃ pariccajanā honti. Tattha appasannā ceva pasīdanti. Pasannānañca bhiyyobhāvo1 hoti. Ayaṃ bhikkhave pañcamo samayo padhānāya.

Ime kho bhikkhave pañca samayā padhānāyā’ti.

5. 2. 1. 5

(Mātāputtasuttaṃ)

5. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena sāvatthiyaṃ ubho mātāputtā vassāvāsaṃ upagamiṃsu bhikkhū ca bhikkhuṇī ca.

Te aññamaññassa abhiṇhaṃ dassanakāmā ahesuṃ. Mātāpi puttassa abhiṇhaṃ dassanakāmā ahosī. Putto’pi mātaraṃ abhiṇhaṃ dassanakāmo ahosi. Tesaṃ abhiṇhaṃ dassanā saṃsaggo ahosi. Saṃsagge sati vissāso ahosi. Vissāse sati otāro ahosi. Te otiṇṇacittā sikkhaṃ apaccakkhāya dubbalyaṃ anāvīkatvā methutaṃ dhammaṃ patiseviṃsu.

Atha kho sambahulā bhikkhu yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkamiṃsu. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinnā kho te bhikkhū bhagavantaṃ etadavocuṃ: ’idha bhante sāvatthiyaṃ ubho mātā puttā vassāvāsaṃ upagamiṃsu bhikkhu ca bhikkhuṇī ca. Te aññamaññassa [PTS Page 068] abhiṇhaṃ dassanakāmā ahesuṃ. Mātāpi puttassa abhiṇhaṃ dassanakāmā ahosi. Puttopi mātaraṃ abhiṇhaṃ dassanakāmo ahosi. Tesaṃ abhiṇhaṃ dassanā saṃsaggo ahosi. Saṃsagge sati vissāso ahosi. Vissāse sati otāro ahosī. Te otiṇṇacittā sikkhāṃ apaccakkhāya dubbalyaṃ anāvīkatvā methunaṃ dhammaṃ patiseviṃsu’ti.

1. Bhīyobhāvo sīmu.

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Kinnu so bhikkhave moghapuriso maññati na mātā putte sārajjati putto vā pana mātarī’ti.

Nāhaṃ bhikkhave aññaṃ ekarūpampi samanu passāmi yaṃ1 evaṃ rajanīyaṃ evaṃ kamanīyaṃ evaṃ madanīyaṃ evaṃ bandhanīyaṃ evaṃ mucchanīyaṃ evaṃ antarāyakaraṃ anuttarassa yogakkhemassa adhigamāya, yathayidaṃ bhikkhave itthirūpaṃ. Itthirūpe bhikkhave sattā rattā gathitā giddhā mucchitā ajjhopannā. Te dīgharattaṃ socanti itthirūpavasānugā.

Nāhaṃ bhikkhave aññaṃ ekasaddampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ rajanīyaṃ evaṃ kamanīyaṃ evaṃ madanīyaṃ evaṃ bandhanīyaṃ evaṃ mucchanīyaṃ evaṃ antarāyakaraṃ anuttarassa yogakkhemassa adhigamāya, yathayidaṃ bhikkhave itthisaddo. Itthisadde bhikkhave sattā rattā gathitā giddhā mucchitā ajjhopannā. Te dīgharattaṃ socanti itthisaddavasānugā.

Nāhaṃ bhikkhave aññaṃ ekagandhampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ rajanīyaṃ evaṃ kamanīyaṃ evaṃ madanīyaṃ evaṃ bandhanīyaṃ evaṃ mucchanīyaṃ evaṃ antarāyakaraṃ anuttarassa yogakkhemassa adhigamāya, yathayidaṃ bhikkhave itthigandho. Itthigandhe bhikkhave sattā rattā gathitā giddhā mucchitā ajjhopannā. Te dīgharattaṃ socanti itthigandhavasānugā.

Nāhaṃ bhikkhave aññaṃ ekarasampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ rajanīyaṃ evaṃ kamanīyaṃ evaṃ madanīyaṃ evaṃ bandhanīyaṃ evaṃ mucchanīyaṃ evaṃ antarāyakaraṃ anuttarassa yogakkhemassa adhigamāya, yathayidaṃ bhikkhave itthiraso. Itthirase bhikkhave sattā rattā gathitā giddhā mucchitā ajjhopannā. Te dīgharattaṃ socanti itthirasavasānugā.

Nāhaṃ bhikkhave aññaṃ ekaphoṭṭhabbampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ rajanīyaṃ evaṃ kamanīyaṃ evaṃ madanīyaṃ evaṃ evaṃ bandhanīyaṃ evaṃ mucchanīyaṃ evaṃ antarāyakaraṃ anuttarassa yogakkhemassa adhigamāya, yathayidaṃ bhikkhave itthipoṭṭhabbo. Itthipoṭṭhabbe bhikkhave sattā rattā giddhā gathitā mucchitā ajjhopannā. Te dīgharattaṃ socanti itthipoṭṭhabbavasānugā.

Itthi bhikkhave gacchantī’pi purisassa cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati. Ṭhitā’pi nisinnā’pi2sayānā’pi hasanti’pi bhaṇantī’pi gāyantī’pi rodantī’pi ugghānitā’pi 3 matā’pi purisassa cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati. Yampi taṃ bhikkhave sammā vadamāno vadeyya samannapāso mārassā’ti.

[PTS Page 069]

1. Salalape asihatthena pisācenapi sallape,
Āsīvisampi āside yena daṭṭho na jīvati

2. Natveva eko ekāya mātugāmena sallape,
Muṭṭhassatiṃ tā bandhanti pekkhitena sitena ca,

3. Athopi dunnivatthena mañjunā bhaṇitena ca,
Neso jano suvāsīdo4 api ugghānito5 mato.

4. Pañcakāmaguṇā ete itthirūpasmiṃ dissare,
Rūpā saddā rasā gandhā phoṭṭhabbā ca manoramā.

5. Tesaṃ kāmoghavuḷhānaṃ kāme aparijānataṃ,
Kālaṃ gatiṃ6 bhavābhavaṃ saṃsārasmiṃ purakkhatā.

6. Ye ca kāme pariññāya caranti akutobhayā,
Te ve pāragatā loke ye pattā āsavakkhaya’nti.

1. (Yaṃ) machasaṃ natthi 2. Nipannāpi syā 3. Ugghātitāpi syā, machasaṃ 4. Svāsīsado machasaṃ svāsadedā syā, 5. Ugghātito syā machasaṃ 6. Gati machasaṃ

Piṭu aṃka:110

5. 2. 1. 6

(Upajjhāyasuttaṃ)

(Sāvatthinidānaṃ:)

6. Atha kho aññataro bhikkhu yena sako upajjhāyo tenupasaṅkami.

Upasaṅkamitvā sakaṃ upajjhāyaṃ etadavoca: ’etarahi me bhante madhurakajāto ceva kāyo. Disā ca me na pakkhāyanti. Dhammā ca maṃ nappaṭibhanti. Thīnamiddhaṃ ca me cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati. Anabhirato ca brahmacariyaṃ carāmi. Atthi ca me dhammesu vicikicchā’ti.

Atha kho so bhikkhu taṃ saddhivihārikaṃ bhikkhuṃ ādāya yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami. Upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho so bhikkhu bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:

Ayaṃ bhante bhikkhu evamāha: ’etarahi me bhante madhurakajāto veca kāyo. Disā ca me napakkhāyanti. Dhammā ca maṃ nappaṭibhanti. Thīnamiddhaṃ ca me cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati. Anabhirato ca brahamacariyaṃ carāmi. Atthi ca me dhammesu vicikicchā’ti.

[PTS Page 070]

Evaṃ hetaṃ bhikkhu hoti indriyesu aguttadvārassa, bhojane amattaññuno, jāgariyaṃ ananuyuttassa, avipassakassa kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ, pubbarattāpararattaṃ bodhipakkhiyānaṃ dhammānaṃ bhāvanānuyogaṃ ananuyuttassa viharato yaṃ madhurakajāto ceva kāyo hoti, dis