rgl uysu

uq,a.srs.,

fca'nS' osidkdhl


uq,a.srs.,
fc ns osidkdhl

m1:u uqo1Kh + 3--9
© fc'ns' osidkdhl

ISBN : 955 - 20 - 2318 - 1

uqo1Kh
p;2r uqo1K Ys,amsfhda
wjsiaidfjz,a, mdr
je,a,uzmsgsh

m1ldYkh
tia' f.dvf.a iy iud.u
897" cS o weia l2,r;ak udj;
fld<U 3=
 

ljrfha PdhdrEmfhka oelafjkafka uq,a.srs., rcuyd  jsydrfha
ms<suf.ys fk<d we;s jev ysZosk ms<su jykafiahs' fuh kqjr
hq.fha m1;sud ,CIK ms<snsUq lrhs'




rgl uysu

        YS1 ,xldfjz fjfik wms jdikdjka;fhda' wmg wjqre foodia .Kklg;a jevs ld,hl isg mej; tk ixialD;sl Wreuhla ;sfhkjd' fuz Wreuh wmg ,nd kafka wfma rcjrehs" wfma yduqrejrehs" wfma mZvsjrehs" wfma m1N@jrehs" l,d Ys,amsfhdhs" wfma fmd ck;djhs' fuz Wreuh oek yZkd f.k" th u;2 mruzmrdj fjkqfjka /l n,d .ekSu wfma hq;2lula'

        fuz fmdf;a wruqK ,xldj mqrd msysgs jgskd ft;sydisl ia:dk w;rska tlla Tng yZkajd oSu' Tn fuz ia:dkhg wdfjz jkaokdlrefjl2 yegshg jqK;a" wOHdmk pdrsldjl fhfokafkl2 yegshg jqK;a fuys we;s wd.usl jgskdlu jf.au ft;sydisl jgskdlu yZkd .ekSu Tng ndrhs'

        fuh mqxps fmd;la yskaod fuz ia:dkh .ek yeu f;dr;2rlau fuys we;2<;a fkdjkakg mqZMjka' ta jqK;a fuz ia:dkfh mQckSh jgskdlu;a ft;sydisl jgskdlu;a f;areuz .kag jqjukd yeu lreKlau we;2<;a lrkakg wms jEhuz l<d' fuz f;dr;2re tla/ia lsrSfuzoS wmg Wojz Wmldr l< yeu fokdgu wfma f.#rjdor ia;@;sh msrskukjd'

        fuz ia:dkh jeZo mqod f.k fyda oel n,d f.k fyda .shdg miafi fuz ia:dkh ms<snZo u;lh kej; w,q;a lr .kag fuys tk PdhdrEm Wmldr fjkjd we;s' b;d is;a .kakd wdldrhg fuz ia:dkh PdhdrEmj,g keZ.2fj fla'tuz'whs' iajrAKisxy uy;d' PdhdrEm iys; fmd;la m< lsrSu jshouz hk jevla jqK;a" fuz jsosfha fmd;a fm<lau )rgl uysu) hkqfjka m< lsrSfuz j.lSu isrsiquk f.dvf.a uy;d Ndr.;af;a mqu leue;a;lska' ta fofokdgu uf.a ia;@;sh ysushs'

        Tn Wmkafka jgskd idrOrAu moaO;shlska fmdaIKh jqKq ixialD;shl idudcslfhl2 yegshg' fuz jgskd ixialD;sh ;j rg;a mj;ajd f.k hEug Tfnz wdOdrh ,efnzjd

fca'nS' osidkdhl
isxy, wxYh
fld<U jsYajjsoHd,h'

msgqj =7

uq,a.srs.,

        uq,a.srs., fjfyr" rc uyd jsydrhla' rc uyd jsydr jevs yrshla msysgd ;sfhkafka Wvrg rcacqrejkag wh;aj ;snqKq Wvrg rdcOdksh we;2<;' ta jqK;a Wvrg rdcOdksfhka msg;;a rc uyd jsydr lSmhla msysgd ;sfhkjd' ta w;rska )uq,a.srs.,) fjfyrg ,efnkafka uq,a ;ekla'

        jg jkaokdfj tk ieoeyej;a msrsia uq,a.srs.,g tkafk fn,sw;a;+jSrlegsh mdfrka' uq,a.srs., mkaif,a jsydrdrdu msysgd ;sfhkafka tlu uZMjl fkdfjhs' md; uZMj" fnda uZMj" rc uy jsydr uZMj" Wv fndaOs uZMj" ffp;H uZMj hk kuzj,ska yeZoskafjk" uZM myl'

        fuz uZMj, f,ka jsydr y;la ;sfhkjd' tajdfh od.enz jykafia,d" fndaOSka jykafia,d" ms<su jykafia,d rdishla jev isgskjd' )Wv fndaOs uZMfjz msysgs fndaOSka jykafi wkqrdOmqfrA ch isrs uy fndaOSka jykafiaf.ka uq,skau yg.;a;2 fo;sia m,j,ska Wmkakla' Wvrg iuzm1odhg wkqj wUdmq T;a ms<su jykafia,d y;a kula uq,a.srs., f,ka jsydrj, olskag ,efnkjd' fuz mqxps fmd; uq,a.srs., jsydfr .ek'

msgqj =8

uq,a.srs.,g ta ku ,enqKq yegs

        uq,a.srs., fjfyr yZkajkakg kuz lSmhlau ;sfhkjd' iuyrla lgska lg tk kuz' iuyrla md,s jxYl:dj, tk kuz' ;j;a iuyrla fi,a ,smsj, tk kuz' wo jevs fokd lshkafk )uq,a.srs.,) lsh,d' ).srs) lshkafk;a ).,) lshkafk;a tlu f;arefuka ksid iuyre )uq,a.srs) fjfyr hk ku muKla fhdokjd'

        )uq,a.srs) hk moh )uq,alsrs) )uQlsrs) hk yegsfhkao wefykjd' lgska lg tk l;dj,g wkqj uSg )uQ lsjz .,) hk ku;a fhfokjd' ta l;dj fukak fufyuhs_

        Ùfndfydu biair ioaOd;siai rcacqrejkaf. ldf,os" jeoafod fokafkla fuz m<d;g wejs;a ;sfhkjd' ta wdfjz ovhfuz' jkka;frA tyd fuyd wejsosk fldg" jsydrhla lrjkag ;ruz fydZo lZ jegs folla fuz jeoaokag yuzn fj,d ;sfhkjd' jeoafod .sysx fuz j. rcacqrejkag oekakqjd'

        rcacqrefjd wud;Hjrekq;a jeoaoka fokak;a tlal fuz ;eka fol n,kag jevshd' fuz lZ jegs folska tlla ;uhs fuz uq,a.srs fjfyr msysgs lkao' rcacqrejkaf. ys;g we,a,qfj fuz lkao' rcacqrefjd l,amkd l<d fu;k fydZohs jsydrhla lrjkag lsh,d' lZ jegs yrsu ,iaikhs' fjfyr jsydr ;sfhk fldg'

        rcacqrefjd tl jeoafol2 fmkak,d lSjd,q ÙuQ lsjz ., fydZohsÙ lsh,d' )uQ) lsh,d lSfjz jeoaodg' tod bZo,d fuz lkaog )uQ lsjz .,) hk ku jegqKd,q'Ù md,s fmd;aj, )iuqoao mnzn;) hk kuskq;a isxy, fmd;aj, )uqyq .srs) hk kuskq;a fi,a ,smsj, )uqyqkaoa .srs) hk kuskq;a yeZoskafjkafk fuz jsydfr nj mZvsjre lshkjd' md,sfhka )iuqoao) lshd lshkafk )iuqrg) ke;akuz )uqyqog)' )mnzn;) lshd lshkafk )mrAj;hg) ke;akuz )lkaog)' ta yskaod )iuqoao mnzn;) lshk md,s ku;a )uqyq .srs) lshk isxy, ku;a w;r meyeos,s iuznkaOlula ;sfnkjd' uq,a.srs jsydfr ;2kafjks uZMfj ;sfhk fmdl2fKa hgs fl<jfrA mrK wl2rej,ska fufyu ,shd ;sfhkjd_

msgqj =9

Ùuqyqkaoa .srsh lyje,a .sh rd,a uy,a,ka jsiska l< i;r msh.egzÙ

        fuz jdi.fuka lshfjkafka fuys l,ska ;snqKq mvs fm<la .ekhs' fuz jdi.fuz fuz jsydfr yZkajd we;af;a )uqyqkaoa .srs) hk kuska' fuz jsydfrg )uqyq .srs) hk ku ,enqfK fuz lkao ke.a.du uqyqo fmfkk yskaoo tfyu ke;akuz uqyq hk whg fuz lkao fydZoska fmfkk yskaoo lshd yrshgu lshkag wudrehs'

        ).srsnd fjfyr) .srsnd f,k) hk kuzj,skq;a fuz jsydfr yZkajd ;sfnk nj fmfkkjd' ).srsnd) hk ku yuq jkafka )fndaOsjxYh) lshk fmdf;a" wkqrdOmqfrA msysgs YS1 uyd fndaOSka jykafiaf.ka uq,skau yg.;a fo;sia M,rey fndaOSka jykafia,d frdamKh lrmq tla ;ekla yegshg ).srsnd fjfyr) iZoyka fjkjd'

        ).srsnd) hk moh ).srejd) hk mohg iudklula olajkjd' miafi ldf,los ).srejd) hkqfjka fjkia jqfKa l,ska ).srsnd) hk moh jkag;a mqZMjka' tfyu;a ke;akuz ta ku ).srs mdo) hkafkka ilia jQjla jkag;a mqZMjka'

        ).srs mdo) hkafkka woyia lrkafka )lZ rdishla mduq, fmfoi) hkakhs' .srejd m;a;2fj we;a; jYfhkau lZ jegs rdishla ;sfhkjd' fuz lZ jegs w;rska m1Odku lkao ;uhs )uq,a.srs.,)' )uq,a lkao) hk f;areu;a )uq,a .srs) hk kfuz ;sfhkjd'

        ;j;a iuyreka jsYajdi lrk yegshg )olaLsK .srs) )olaLsK mnzn;) hk md,s kuzj,skq;a yeZoskafjkafk fuz jsydfruhs' )olaLsK) lsh,d lshkafk )ol2K) lshk tluhs' fuz jsydfrg )ol2Kq fjfyr) hk ku fhfK tal ol2Kq m<df; m1Odku jsydfr jqKq yskaod jkag ners kE' uSg wu;r jYfhka )uqj;srs.,) )uQlsrs.,a,) uq,x.srsh) hk kuzj,skq;a fuz jsydfr yeZoskafjkjd'

        .srejd m;a;2fjz mqxps <uhs jsfkdafog fufyu lshkjd tl yqiaug_

Ùuq,a.srs., ., jg lr
Wia fmd,a .ia mia jsiaihsÙ

msgqj =0

md; uZMj_ rc uy kd f,ka jsydfr

        uq,a.srs., msysgs f,ka jsydr yf;ka follau msysgd ;sfhkafk uq,skau yuq jk uZMfj' fuz uZMjg lshkafk )md; uZMj) lsh,d' f,ka jsydr y;rla msysgd ;sfhkafk ;2kafjks uZMfj' talg lshkafk )rc uy jsydr uZMj) lsh,d' wksla jsydfr ;sfhkafk fuz uZM fol w;r msysgs )fnda uZMfj)

        jkaokd;rejd uq,skau f.dv fjkafk )md; uZMjg)' tys msysgd ;sfhk jsydr folska uq,skau yuq jkafk )rc uy kd f,ka jsydfr)' tys fodrgqjg by<ska igyka lr,d ;sfhkjd 30=0 hk jrAIh' ta wkqj fmfkkafk fuz jsydfr lrj,d ;sfhkafka fuz rg bx.S1isldrhka w;r m;ajqKq w,q;u njhs'

        fuz jsydfr we;2<; T;a ms<su jykafia kula ie;fmkjd' ta ms<suh wUd ;sfhkafk Wvrg ms<su fk<Sfuz iuzm1odhg wkqj' fuz ms<suh oy wg rshka ms<suhla'

        jsydfrg we;2ZM jk fodrgqjg ol2Kq me;af;a ns;a;sfha foaj rEm y;rla weZo,d ;sfhkjd' bka ;2kla tl os.g' tlla ;ksju' ;ksju ;sfhkafk )iuka fojshkaf.) rEfm' fuz foaj rEfmg msgs miafika iuk, lkao;a" ta uqfka isrs m;2,;a olajd ;sfhkjd'

        tl os.g ;sfhk foaj rEm w;2rska ol2Kq fl<jfrAu ;sfhkafka )l;r.u foaj) rEfm' tys w;a fod<y meyeos,sj oelafjkjd' juz fl<jfrAu ;sfhkafka )jsIaKq foaj) rEfm' tys w;a y;r;a meyeos,sj weZo,d ;sfhkjd' ueou msysgs rEfmka ms<snsUq jkafk )jsNSIK fojsfhda)' ,xldfjz )i;rjruz fojzjre) yegshg jeZuz msZuz ,nkafka fuz fojsjre'

        T;a ms<su jykafiag Wvska ;sfhk iS,sfuz weZo,d ;sfhkjd )iQjsis jsjrK) is;2juz' f.#;u nq yduqrefjd fndaOsi;ajhka jykafia yegshg Bg l,ska jev isgs nqka jykafia,d jsis y;r fofkl2f.ka jsjrK ,enqjd )wkd.f;aos nq fjkjd) lsh,d' )iQjsis jsjrK) is;2juzj,ska oelafjkafka fuz wjia:d jsis y;r'

msgqj =-

md; uZMj_ rd;a mu f,ka jsydfr

        md; uZMfjz msysgs fofjks f,ka jsydfr yuqjkafka uZMfj tyd fl<jrg .shdu' ta f,ka jsydfr yeZoskafjkafka )rd;a mu f,ka jsydfr) ke;akuz )mu ry;a f,ka jsydfr) hk kuska' fuz fldhs wdldrhg lSj;a thska tla lreKla fy<s fjkjd' tkuz" fuz f,k )mu) kuz ry;ka jykafia kula yd iuznkaO jk njhs'

        fuz jsydfr we;2f< ;sfhkjd T;a ms<su jykafia kula' tys isriam;" isjqr wdosh fk<,d ;sfhk iegsfhka meyeos,sjkafka tal;a Wvrg iuzm1odhg wkqj wUdmq ms<suhla njhs' uq,a.srs., jsydfr ;sfhk fofjks T;a ms<su jykafia fuzlhs'

        uq,a.srs., jsydfros oel n,d .kag mqZMjka ,iaiku is;2juz iuyrla ;sfhkafka rd;a mu f,ka jsydfr' fuz is;2juz w;rska jvd;au ,iaik is;2juz olakg ,efnkafka T;a ms<su jykafiag bosrsmi ns;a;sfh' tys cd;l l;d folla olaj,d ;sfhkjd'

        Wvska ;sfhkafka )f;a,m;a; cd;l) l;dj' tal fma<s fol yudrla os.g jsysfokjd' th wjidk jkjd;a iuZ.u )fjiaika;r cd;fla) wdruzN fjkjd' f;a,m;a; cd;fl Wv uZMfjz mqrdK jsydfr;a weZo,d ;sfhkjd' kuq;a ta folska jvd;a fydZog wdriaid fj,d ;sfhkafka md; jsydfr is;a;uz'

        fjiaika;r cd;fl;a fndfyda isxy, is;a;rekaf. is;a weo.;a cd;l ;;djla' fo.,afodrej" f;dg.uqj jf.a rcuyd jsydrj,;a fjiaika;r cd;l l;dj is;2juz lr,d ;sfhkjd' uq,a.srs., olakg ,efnk is;2juz fjk;a ;ekaj, olakg ,efnk is;2juzj,g jvd ;d;ajsl njla fmkakquz lrkjd'

        WodyrKhla yegshg fjiaika;r rcacqrejkaf.a we,s we;d is;2juz lr,d we;s iegs olajkag mqZMjka' idudkHfhka Wvrg is;a;reka fuz we;a rEfm weZoskafka yria w;g' kuq;a uq,a.srs., is;a;rd ta we;d olajd ;sfhkafka biairyg tk wdldrhg' fuz jsydfr we;2f< mqxps oe.enl2;a ;sfhkjd' th jgd weZo,d ;sfhkjd )i;a i;sh) olajk is;2juz'

msgqj 3=

f;a,m;a; cd;lh

        huz lsis fya;2jla ksid )f;a,m;a; cd;lh) uq,a.srs., f,ka jsydr foll is;2juz lr,d ;sfhkjd' fuz w;rska jvd;a fydZoska wdrlaId jqKq is;2juz ;sfhkafka )md; jsydr uZMfj) msysgs )mu ry;a f,ka jsydfr) we;2<; ns;a;sfh' fuz cd;lh uq, isg w. olajdu ijsia;r f,i is;2juz lr,d ;sfhkjd' mkaif,a yduqrefjd ta is;2juz tlska tl fuz wdldrhg meyeos,s l<d _

        Ùuq,skau weZo,d ;sfhkafk rc mjq,' rc mjqf, rcacqrefjd" foajSkakdkafi" rdc l2udrfhd lshk Tlafldau fuzkak bkakjd' fuz rc f.org ;dmijrfhla ks;r hkjd tkjd' ta ;dmi ;2udg odfk ms<sfh, lrkafk rcluz f.or'

        ojilaod rcacqrejkaf.a mq;a l2udrhd ta ;dmihdf.ka wy,d ;sfhkjd )iajduSkS" ug fuz nrKeia kqjr rc lrkag mqZMjkao" lsh,d' t;fldg ;dmi;2ud W;a;r oS,d ;sfhkjd" )fuz kqjr kuz rc fjkag mqZMjkalula kE' yenehs kqUg kqjrla ;sfhkjd wyj,a osydfj' tydg .sys,a,d rc fjkag) lsh,d'

        ta kqjrg hk .uka udrA.h;a ;dmihd l2udrhdg lsh,d kakd' fuz ;sfhkafk ta l2udrhd hdZMjka mia fofkl2;a tlal ta kqjrg hk yegs' ;dmihd lsh,d ;snqKd Th udrA.fh Nhdkl hlaIKsfhd j.hla bkakjd' Wkag wyq fjkafk ke;2j hkag lsh,d msrs;a kQ,qhs msrs;a mekqhs ta l2udrhg kakd'

        fukak" fuz l2udrhd .uka wdruzN lrkjd' Tfydu hk fldg ,iaik ldka;djka uqK .efykjd' fndfydu ,iaikg weZo me<Zof.k bkakjd' ta jqK;a ta rEfmg jYS fjkafk ke;2j hkag lsh,dhs ;dmihd wjjdo lf<a' hdZMfjd mia fokdf.ka tla flfkla rEmhg jYS fj,d fuf;kaos jskdYhg m;a fjkjd'

        b;2re hdZMfjd y;r fokhs l2udrhdhs wdhu;a .uka wdruzN lrkjd' Tfydu hk fldg Ynzohg jYS jk ;ekla yuzn fjkjd'

msgqj 33

 fuz is;2jfuz ;sfhkjd kegquz" ix.S; NdKav wdosh' fuz hla fnfrA' fuz rndk' fuz jSKdj" fuz kegquz' wr hdZMjkaf.ka tla flfkla jYS jqKd fuz kegquz jehquzj,g' hlaIKshla ta jYS fjpzp l2udrhd w,a,df.k lkjd'

        T;k miq lr,d hk fldg wyq fjkjd .kaOhg' fuz is;2jfuz ;sfhkafk ,iaik u,a" iqjZo jrA.' tla l2udrfhla jYS jqKd .kaOhg' jYS jqKdg miafi hlaIKshla wejs,a,d ta l2udrhd;a w,a,d f.k lEjd' fuz weZo,d ;sfhkafk hlaIKS l2udrhd lk yegs' b;2re jqfKa hdZMfjd fokakdhs' Tkak wdfhu;a hkjd'

        B<Z.g yuq jkafka lvhla' t;k rih' lEu cd;s' fu;k lsrs ygzgshla t,a,,d' fu;k flda,sl2gzgq' fuz r;akjd,q' fuzkak wdkud,q' fuz ;sfhkafk meKs uq,la t,a,,d' fuz meka Ndckhla' fuz n;a msZ.dk' lEug jYS jqKq l2udrhd lEu lkag mgka .kak kuq;a hlaIKshla wejs;a l2udrhd ld,d jskdY lrkjd'

        b;2re fjpzp hdZMjdhs l2udrhdhs hk fldg iamrAYhg jYS jk ;eka yuzn fjkjd' t;k fndfydu w,xldr jsoshg uKavmhla yrs .iai,d fndfydu iem myiqjg' wdikhla fyu yo,d' tf;kaos iamrAYhg jYS fjpzp l2udrhd .shd wdifka jdvs fjkag' hlaIKsh ta l2udrhd;a w,a,d f.k lEjd'

        oeka l2udrhd .uka lrkafk ;kshu' hk fldg ldka;djla orefjl2;a jvd f.k l2udrhd miafika tkag mgka .kakjd' l2udrhd ta nj oek f.k msrs;a kQ, neZof.k" msrs;a meka byf.k" tod rd;s1h wuzn,ug fj,d .; l<d' fuzkak wuzn,u'

        myqjod l2udrhd wr lshdmq kqjrg .sysx rcacqrejka uqK .eyqKd' uqK .eys,d fuz ish,q jsia;r lSjd' wr ldka;dj;a miafikau wdjd' ta mdr ldka;dj lshkjd' )fuz uf. iajdus mqreIhd" udj w;a wer,d tkjd) lsh,d' rcacqrefjd wr orejd jvd f.k bkak ldka;djg jYS fj,d ndr .;a;d ldka;dj'

        ldka;dj jf.a wdmq ta hlaIKsh tod rd;s1fh rc;2udhs ud,s.dfj ysgmq ish,q fokdhs ld,d jskdY l<d' wka;sug uSfhla ysgshd W#;a w,a,d f.k lEjd' Bg miafi fuz kqjr rclug flfkla ke;2j .shd' l2udrhdg rclu yuzn jqKd' Th jsoshg f;a,m;a; cd;fl fndfydu ,iaikg weZo,d ;sfhkjdÙ

        rEm" Ynzo" .kaO" ri" iamrAY lshk mxp bkashj,g jYS jqfKd;a usksidg isoaO fjkafk fudloao lshk tlhs fuz cd;l l;dfjka meyeos,s flfrkafk' ksjka mqfrAg hkag kuz wr l2udrhd jf.a misZrkag jYS fkdjS cSjs;h keue;s .uka uf.a .uka lrkag TzkE lshk tlhs fuhska W.; hq;2 mdvu'

msgqj 34

fnda uZMfj f,ka jsydfr

        md; uZMfj bZo,d )rc uy jsydr uZMjg) .uka lrkag ;sfhkafk mvs fma<s lSmhla Tiafi' ta fma<s osf.a gsl rla hk fldg juz me;a;g mvs fma<shla ;sfhkjd' my< uZMjlg hkag' fuz ;uhs )fnda uZMj)' fuys jev bkakjd fndaOSka jykafi kula'

        fuys;a f,ka jsydrhla msysgd ;sfhkjd' yenehs tal ;rula l2vdhs' ta we;2f<;a jev bkakjd T;a ms<su jykafia kula' uq,a.srs., jsydfr k.sk jkaokdlrefjl2g yuq jk ;2kafjks T;a ms<su jykafiahs" fuz'

        fuys weZo,d ;sfhk is;2juzj,ska fkdfhla lreKqhs isoaOshs fy<s jkjd' fuysoS is;a;rdf. is;a oskd.;a tla lreKla ;uhs )ysud,) jkdka;rfha msysgSu' tys msysgs tla ,iaik fmdl2Kla ;uhs )wfkda;;a; js,)' tys c,h yrsu yS;,hs' Bg fya;2j talg br t<sh fkdjegSu'

        nqoaO prs;h yd iuznkaO jsfYaI wjia:d lSmhl2;a fuys weZo,d ;sfhkjd' ta jf.a tla wjia:djla ;uhs nqka jykafia )W;2rel2re osjhskg) msZvq isZ.d jevSfuz isoaOsh' fn#oaO fmd;am;aj, iZoyka jk wdldrhg )W;2rel2re osjhsk) lshd lshkafka ;jz;sid fojz f,djg;a jevsh iem iuzm;a N2la;s jsZosk usksiqka isgsk rgla' ta rfgz usksiaiq jev lrkafk kE' ta whg jqjukd wdydr mdk bfnzu my< fjkjd'

        nqka jykafia lSm j;djlau msvq isZ.d W;2rel2re osjhskg jevu l< nj iZoyka fjkjd' tysoS msZvq isZ.d .kakd Wka jykafia wfkda;;a; js,g f.diska meka ikyd .kakjd' oka je<oSfuka miafi fudfyd;la js,a bjqfrA jsfjzl iqjfhka .; lrkjd'

        W;2rel2re osjhsk msysgsfha oUosjg W;2rska lsh,dhs fmd;am;aj, iZoyka jkafk' fuz ilaj< msysgs uydoSm y;rska tlla )W;2rel2re osjhsk)' wksla uydoSm yegshg ie,flkafka )wmrf.dahdk) )mQrAjjsfoay) yd )cuznqoSm) hk ;2k" nqka jykafia brAos n,fhka oUosj bZo,d W;2rel2re osjhskg jevshd'

msgqj 43

rc uy jsydr uZMj _ msrsksjka jsydfr

        rc uy jsydr uZMfj f,ka jsydr y;rla ;sfhkjd' my<skau msysgd ;sfhkafk )msrsksjka jsydfr)' uSg )msrsksjka jsydfr) hk ku ,enqfK tys we;s T;a ms<su jykafiaf.ka ms<snsUq jkafka Wka jykafiaf. msrsksjka mEu ksihs'

        )T;a ms<suh) lshkafka ie;fmk brshjzfjka wUd we;s ms<suhlg' ie;fmk ms<suhla idudkHfhka wUkafka isrs m;2,aj, udmg weZ.s,s iuj tlmsg msysgk wdldrhg' ta jqK;a Wkajykafia msrsksjka mEju ie;mqfK ;rula fjkia wdldrhlg' msrsksjka mEu olajk ms<suj, isrs m;2,a folska ol2Kq isrs m;2f,a udmgeZ.s,a, juz isrs m;2f,a udmgZ.s,a,g jvd uZola miaig f.dia ;sfhk yegshghs wU,d ;sfhkafk'

        fuz jsydfr ns;2 is;2juzj,skq;a lshd mdkafk msrsksjka mEu yd iuznkaO l;dj' fn#oaO fmd;am;aj, oelafjk wdldrhg nqka jykafi msrsksjka mEfj oUosj l2iskdrd kqjros' Wka jykafiaf.a YdrSrsl Od;@ka jykafia,d fnod .kag oUosj uy rcjreka wg fofkl2 w;r uy igkla wejsf,kag .shd'

        fuz igk je<elal2fj fdaK kuz n1dyauKhd' fuz n1dyauKhd rcjrekag u;la lr,d kakd" )nqka jykafia jf.a wysxidjdoS W;a;ufhl2f. Od;@ka fnod .kag ysxid mSvd lsrSu fudk ;ruz wkqjK jevlao$ lsh,d' ta ldrfKa jgyd .;a rcjre Od;@ka fnod oSu ta nuqKdg mejrejd' t;2ud idOdrK wdldrhg ta rcjreka wg fokdg Od;@ka jykafia,d fnod kakd' ta rcjre ;u ;ukaf.a rgj,g .syska iEhj,a nkaoj,d ta Od;@ka ksoka lr,d mqo mQcd meje;a;2jd' fuz iEhj,a wg fuz ns;2 is;2juz j,sla oelafjkjd'

rc.ykqjr iEh jsid,d kqjr iEh
lsUq,aj;a kqjr iEh w,a,lmam kqjr iEh
rdu.du iEh fjzGoSm kqjr iEh
mdfjhH kqjr iEh l2iskdrd kqjr iEh

msgqj 44

rc uy jsydfr

        ) rc uy jsydr uZMjg) ta ku ,enqfK tys msysgs )rc uy jsydfr) yskaod' fuz jsydfrg )mrK jsydfr) hk ku;a fhfokjd' fuz uZMfj msysgs f,ka jsydr y;rska merKsu jsydfr fuzl yskaod' fuys ;sfhk f,dl2u jsydfr;a fuzl' fuh msysgsfh )msrsksjka jsydfrg) Wvq w;ska'

        fuz jsydfrg we;2ZM jSug fodrgq folla ;sfhkjd' bka ol2Kq fodrgqjg juz me;af;a ns;a;sfha weZo,d ;sfhkjd )f;a,m;a; cd;l) l;dj' juz fodrgqjg juz me;af;a weZo,d ;sfhkjd )isjs cd;l) l;dj' fuz cd;l l;d fuz fmdf;a fjk;a ;ekl jsia;r lr,d we;s'

        jsydr f.hs nq ms<su rdishla ;sfhkjd' bka f,dl2u ms<suh ;uhs T;a ms<su jykafia' fuz ;uhs uq,a.srs., mkaif,a yuq jk miafjks T;a ms<su jykafia' uykqjr iufha nq ms<su fk<Sfuz iuzm1odfha yeu ,laIKhlau fuz ms<su jykafif. olakg ,efnkjd'

        ysi uqfka we;s isriam;" osh /,s jf.a ,;djlg wkqj fk<d we;s /,sj,ska w,xldr jqK isjqr" tla Wrysila muK;a jefik yegshg isjqr fmdrjd f.k isgsk js,dih" isjqfrA mdg jf.a ,laIK fuysoS olajkag mqZMjka'

        fuz T;a ms<su jykafiaf.a by boaorskau ysgs ms<su jykafia,d wg kula olakg ,efnkjd' tajdfh;a olakg ,efnkafka Wvrg ms<su l,d iuzm1odfha ,laIK' nqka jykafiaf.a juz w;ska isjqr uZola Tijd f.k isgsk w;r ol2Kq w; )wNh) uqdfjka wUd ;sfhkjd' fuz ms<su jykafia,d jev isgskafk moauhla Wv'

        we;2f<ys weZo,d ;sfhk is;2juz w;r ) fidf<diauia:dk) jeo.;a ;ekla .kakjd' )fidf<diauia:dfk) hk kuska fn#oaOhka yZkajkafka nqka jykafia ,laosjg jevu l< wjia:dj,oS jev ysZoSfuka mrsY2oaO;ajhg m;a l< isoaOia:dk odihhs'

msgqj 45

rc uy jsydr uZMj _ w,q;a jsydfr

        rc uy jsydr uMfj msysgs )mrK jsydfrg) ke;akuz )rc uy jsydfrg) Wvq w;ska msysgs f,ka jsydfr yeZoskafjkafk )w,q;a jsydfr) hk kuska' tal nekafojzfj )mrK jsydfrg) miafi ldf,los yskaohs ta ku ,enqfK' uSg )fjila jsydfr) hk kul2;a mg neZos,d ;sfhkjd' 3-30 oS js;r )uQ,.srs ffjYdL mqIamodk iNdj) fuz jsydfr w,q;ajevshd lsrSuhs Bg fya;2j' )ffjYdL) lshkafk )fjila) lshk tluhs'

        fuz jsydfrg we;2,a jSug fodrgq folla ;sfhkjd' fuz fodrgq fome;af;a fodrgqmd,hka yegshg wU,d ;sfhkafk )i;rjruz fojsjrekaf.a) rEm' fuz w;rska" juz me;af;a fodrgqj fome;af;a bkafka )ffjY1jK) yd )jsrEmdlaI) hk fojsjre fokakd' ol2Kq me;af;a fodrgqj fome;af;a bkafka )jsrEV) yd O1;rdIag1 hk fojzjre fokakd'

        fuz jsydfr w,q;ajevshd lrkag isoaO jqfKa mrK jsydfr fydZogu crdjdi fj,d ;snqKq yskaod' m,a,;a;r ueo mkaif,a jev jsiQ m,a,;a;r r;kmd, yduqrefjdhs" uQ,.srs jsydrdOsjdiS fudorjdfka fidaudkkao yduqrefjdhs" )uQ,.srs ffjYdL mqIamodk iNdj) hs tl;2 fj,d fuys fkdfhla kj lrAudka; lrjmq nj iZoyka jk ,smshl2;a fuys biairy ns;a;sfha ;sfhkjd'

        fuz jsydr f.hs T;a ms<su" ysgs ms<su jf.au bZos ms<su;a olskag ,efnkjd' fuysoS yuq jkafka uq,a.srs., mkaif,a ;sfhk yhfjks T;a ms<su jykafia' ta ms<su jykafia fome;af;a ysgs ms<su y;rl2;a bZos ms<su y;rl2;a olakg ,efnkjd' fuz ms<suj,ska ll2iZo" fldakd.u" ldYHm" f.#;u lshk nqjreka ms<snsUq jk njhs lshkafk' uSg wu;rj ffu;S1 fndaOs i;ajhkaf.a ms<suhl2;a fuys ;sfhkjd' is;2juz w;r )fidf<diauia:dk) jsfYaI ;ekla .kakjd'

)fidf<diauia:dk)
uyshx.fK
kd.oSfm
le<Ksh
isrS mdfo
osjd .2ydj
oS>jdmsh
uq;shx.fK
;siaiuydrdfu
ch YS1 uydfndaOsh
usrsijegsh
rejkaje,sh
:Qmdrdfu
wNh.srsh
fca;jkdrdfu
fia,fp;sh
lsrs fjfyr

msgqj 46

;efka" wr krl;a oex fydZohs

        rc uy jsydfr we;2f< jev isgsk T;a ms<su jykafiag iuznkaO rij;a lg l;djla fuz m<df;a m1isoaOhs' fuz ms<su jykafia n,kag wdmq bx.S1is tacka; Wkakdkafi flfkl2 lg jroaod .;a ksid is jqKq mqj;l2hs fuz lg l;dfjka lshfjkafk' mkaif,a yduqrefjd fuz lg l;dj fufyu jsia;r l<d_

        Ùbiair fuz mkaif,a ysgmq fmdvs yduqre kula f,dl2 yduqrejkag fydfrka hka;r uka;r lg mdvuz lr,d ;sfhkjd' wjia:d lSmhlu fuzl f,dl2 yduqrejkag wyqfj,d oZvqjuq;a lr,d ;sfhkjd' )krl uka;r lg mdvx lrkag tmd' krl uka;r lg mdvx lsrSfuka m,la m1fhdackhla kE' whym;la usi hym;la fjkafk kE) lsh,d fkdfhla jr fmdvs yduqrejkag wjjdo lr,d ;sfhkjd'

        fmdvs yduqrefjd fuz wjjdo .Kklg .;af;a kE' fydfrka uka;r .2reluz lg mdvx l<d' Th ldf,os yuznkaf;dg ysgsh bx.srsis tacka; Wkakdkafi uq,a.srs., fjfyr n,kag wejs;a ;sfhkjd' Wkakeye rc uy jsydfrg wdmq fj,dfj wy,d ;sfhkjd f,dl2 yduqrejkaf.ka )WU,f. nq yduqrefjd fupzpr f,dl2 fudlo$) lsh,d'

        ta .uk f,dl2 yduqrefjd W;a;r oS,d ;sfhkjd )Wka jykafi uyd n,iuzmkak W;a;ufhla' ta yskaod fupzpr jsidf,g ms<su jykafia fk<,d ;sfhkjd) lsh,d' )fydZohs tfykx WU,f. nqkaf. n,iuzmkaklu n,kag TzkE) lsh,d nq ms<sufh w; Wvg ke.,d ll2,a fol fome;a;g od,d jdvs fj,d ;sfhkjd' Th fj,dfj wr fmdvs yduqrefjd;a <Z. bo,d ;sfhkjd'

        f,dl2 yduqrejkag lr lshd .kag fohla ke;2j .shd' Wka jykafi fmdvs yduqrejkag l;d lr,d lSj,q );efka" wr krl;a oex fydZohs) lsh,d' ta lsjzfj wr krlhs lsjzj uka;r .2reluq;a fuz fj,djg kuz fydZohs lsh,d'

msgqj 47

        tal yskaod fudlla yrs lrkag lsh,d bZ.shl2hs f,dl2 yduqrefjd lf<a' fmdvs yduqrefjd tl mdrgu ld,ula msuznd,q' iqoaod isys ke;2j kdfyka lgska fiu odf.k nsu jegqK,q'

        ta .uk tacka; Wkakdkafif. NdrAhdjhs wksla fiajl msrsihs yduqrejkaf.ka iudj wrf.k )tacka;j iqj lr,d fokag) lsh,d b,a,d isgsh,q' yduqrefjd tacka; Wkakdkafi iqj l<d' iqj jqKdg miafi tacka; Wkakdkafi lSj,q )nqkaf. nf,a oelald) lsh,d' )WU,g TzkE fudkjo$) lsh,d;a weyejzj,q' )fudlj;a ke;2jg lula kE) lsh,d yduqrefjd lSjd'

        t;k ysgmq ks,Odrs uy;a;2re j.hla oek f.k ;sfhkjd uq,a.srs.,g ,qKq ysZ.hs lsh,d' ,qKq iEfykag Tzkefk leZo yokag' uq,a.srs., leZo fndfydu m1isoaO leZola' )uq,a.srs., leZo jf.a) lsh,d jHjydrhl2;a ;sfhkjd fufy' fufy bkak Tlafldfgdu ta ldf, oS,d ;sfhkafk leZo' mkaif,a yduqrejrekaghs fiajl msrsighs Wfoag oS,d ;sfhkafk leZo'

        ta jqK;a leZog TzkE lrk ,qKq ta ldf, fydhd.;af; fndfydu wudrefjka,q' tal yskaod wr ks,Odrs uy;a;2re tacka; Wkakdkafig lSjd,q ),qKq fndfydu ysZ.hs' tal yskaod yuznkaf;dg f,ajdfhka fuydg ,qKq f.k;a kafkd;a fydZohs) lsh,d' ta .uk tacka; Wkakdkafi ksfhda. l<d,q )udfig ,qKq fnr fod<yla uq,a.srs., mkai,g fokag) lsh,d'

        miafi ldf,l bx.S1is wdKavqj l,amkd lr,d ;sfhkjd fuz jsoshg )lmamula) mkai,g oSu iqiq uoshs lsh,d' tal yskaod ,qKq oSu kj;a;,d ta fjkqjg mkai,g bvula mrs;Hd. lr,d ;sfhkjd'Ù

        fuz lg l;dfjka fy<s jk jsoshg hka;r uka;rj,g olaI yduqrejre uq,a.srs., mkaif,a jev bZo,d ;sfhkjd'

msgqj 48

isjs cd;lh

        rc uy jsydr uZMfj msysgs )rc uy jsydfr) biairy ns;a;sfha weZo,d ;sfhkjd' cd;l l;d folla' tys ol2Kq me;af;a fodrgqjg juz me;af; weZo,d ;sfhkafk )f;a,m;a; cd;fl)' juz me;af; fodrgqjg juz me;af; weZo,d ;sfhkafk )isjs cd;fl)' isjs cd;fla mkaish mkia cd;l fmdf;a tk l;d jia;2jla'

        hg.sh oji )isjs) lshk rfgz )wrsgzG) kuska kqjrla ;snqKd' tys rcluz lf<a )isjs uy rcacqrefjd)' fuz ldf,os fuz rc;2udg mqf;la Wmkakd' ta wfma fndaOsi;ajfhd' fuz mq;a l2udrhdg ku kafk )isjs l2udrfhd) lsh,d'

        isjs l2udrhd rc jqKd' t;2ud fndaOsi;aj .2Kfhka msreKq flfkla' t;2udg jqjukd lf<a ;udf.a weia" bia" uia" f,a" oka fokag' Yl1 foafjzkahdg rc;2udf.a woyi oek .kag ,enqKd' Yl1hd wkaO n1dyauKfhl2f.a fjzfika rc;2ud yuq jkag wejs;a ;udf.a oEia fkdfmfkk yskaod weila oka fok fuka b,a,d isgshd' rcacqrefjd fndfydu i;2gg m;a fj,d )iSjl) lshk fjord,g lsh,d tl weyela W.2,a,d kakd' Bg miafi wksla weye;a W.2,a,d kakd' uy ck;dj yZvd je,fmkag mgka .;a;d fuz wdrxpsh wy,d' Yl1hd fndfydu meyeKd rc;2udf.a okaoSfuz leue;a; .ek' ta ksid ke;s jQ oEia fjkqjg fjku weia folla" osjeia n,k weia folla" rc;2udg kakd'

        )nq.2K w,xldrh) kuz ljs fmd; ,shQ jSod.u yduqrefjda isjs cd;lh flgsfhka fufyu bosrsm;a l<d_

.2Khl nqka ka
isjs ksrsZ j Wmka ka
weia Wmqg ka ka
isf;ys msrs ikaf;di u ka ka

)odk mdrus;dfjz) w.h fmkajd oSuhs fuz cd;l l;dfjz wruqK'

msgqj 49

rc uy jsydr uZMfjz_ kd. jsydfr

        rc uy jsydr uZMfjz Wvq fl<jfrAu msysgd ;sfhkafka )kd. jsydfrA)' fuz jsydfr uE; ld,hloS lrjmq tlla nj fmfkkjd' fuys ms<suj, isjqre fk<d ;sfhkafka ;d;ajsl jsosyg_ idudkH isjqrla wekaoyu /,s jefgk wdldrhg' uq,a.srs., mkaif,a y;afjks T;a ms<su jykafiahs fuysoS yuq jkafka'

        fuys bZos ms<su jykafiag ol2Kq me;af;a l2vd fodrla ;sfhkjd' tafla kd.fhl2f.a rEmhla weZo,d ;sfhkjd' fuz fodrgqj <Z.ska hgg .,a .2ydjla ;sfhkjd,q' tal osf.a ldgj;au hkag ners njhs ljqre;a lshkafka'

        ta .,a .2ydj osf.au .sfhd;a ylauk m<df;a )wux.,) lshk jsydfrka u;2 jkag mqZMjka lsh,d jsYajdihla ;sfhkjd' wux., jsydfrA msysgd ;sfhkafka uq,a.srs., bZo,d ye;emau jsiailg js;r tydhska' fuz WuZ.h ms<snZo we;a; ke;a; l2ula jqK;a tal uq,a fldg f.k lg l;d rdishla we;s fj,d ;sfhkjd'

        fuz tl lg l;djlg wkqj" tla yduqre kula wux., jsydfrka u;2 jkag ys;d f.k fuz WuZ.g we;2,a fj,d ;sfhkjd' Wkajykafia .uka wdruzN lf<a t,shl2;a wrf.k' Wka jykafia ;du;a t<shg wdfjz ke;s nj m<df;a .eusfhda lshkjd'

        fuz f,ka jsydfrA biairy fmdl2Kla ;sfhkjd' fuz fmdl2K .ek;a fkdfhla lg l;d ;sfhkjd' ta tla lg l;djlg wkqj fuz fmdl2K hg ;j;a fmdl2Kla ;sfhkjd,Q' talg lshkafka )., hg fmdl2K) lsh,d' ta )., hg fmdl2fKa) j;2r .ek;a fkdfhla jsYajdi .eushka w;r me;sr ;sfhkjd' jZo .eyekshlg fuz j;2r fndkag kafkd;a wEg ore iuzm;a ,efnkjd,q' fuz fmdl2fKa hgs fl<jfrA ., u;2 msg merKs wl2rska ,shmq jdi.ula olskakg ,efnkjd' fu;k mvs y;rla *i;r msh.egz( lrjmq )rd,a uy,a,ka) .ekhs tys iZoyka jkafka'

        Ùuqyqkaoa .srsh lyje,a.sh rd,a uy,a,ka jsiska l< i;r msh.egzÙ

msgqj 40

uq,a.srs., ns;2 is;2juz

        uq,a.srs., jsydfrA l,dlrejka w;r m1isoaOshg m;a fj,d ;sfhkafka tys weZo,d ;sfhk ns;2 is;2juz yskaod' fuz is;2juz jevs yrshla weZo,d ;sfhkafka ns;a;sj,' ;j;a iuyrla olakg ,efnkafka jyf<a hgs me;af;a ke;akuz iS,sfuz' i;a i;sh" iQ jsis jsjrfK" foaj rEm" kj .1y uKav,h" cd;l l;d wdoS fkdfhla jrA.fha is;2juz fuysoS oeln,d .kag mqZMjka' fuz is;2juz jevsyrshla wh;a jkafka uykqjr hq.hg' Wvrg rdcOdksfhka msg Wvrg iuzm1odhg wh;a ns;2 is;2juz olakg ,efnk tla jeo.;a ;ekla ;uhs uq,a.srs.,'

        fuys ;sfhk is;2juz w;rska )f;a,m;a; cd;lhg) wh;a tla is;2jula wksla is;2juzj,g jvd l,d jspdrlhkaf.a ie,ls,a,g yiq fj,d ;sfhkjd' fuz is;2juska ksrEmKh fj,d ;sfhkafka ldka;djka lsysm fofkl2 ix.S; NdKav jdokh lsrSu' uxcq YS1 uy;d fuz .ek jsia;rhla lr,d Bg f,dl2 m1isoaOshla ,nd kakd'

        fuz is;2ju .ek iS'o'weia' l2,;s,l uy;d fufia lshkjd' Ùuq,a.srs., jsydfrA ;sfhk ns;2 is;2juzj, jsfYaI jeo.;alula ;sfhkjd' wmg fkdfhla ;ekaj, ns;2 is;2juzj, ix.S; NdKav jdokh lrkq olskag ,efnkjd' kuq;a uq,a.srs., ;sfhk jsfYaI ,laIK ;uhs ix.S; NdKav jdokh iZoyd ia;S1ka fhdod ;snSu' fuz is;2juzj,ska fmakjd fydrKEj msUsk ia;S1ka" fnr jhk ia;S1ka" ta jf.au rnka jhk ia;S1ka'

        ;j ix.S; NdKavhl2;a fuys weZo,d ;sfhkjd jsfYaIfhka iZoyka l< hq;2' fldagzfgz hq.fhaoS we;s jqKdh lshkjd jh,Skfh uQ,sl iajrEmfhka hq;2 ix.S; NdKavhla' iuyre lshkjd fuzl rdjKd rc;2ud ksrAudKh lrmq NdKavhla lsh,d' fuz NdKafvz .ek fcdaka fvzjs lshk bx.S1is f,aLlhdf. fmdf;;a iZoyka fj,d ;sfhkjdÙ'
uydpdrAh isrs .2kisxy uy;d;a uq,a.srs., is;2juz b;d wf.a fldg i,lkjd' *A Albom of Buddhist paintings from Sri Lanka Kandy period)

msgqj 4-

YS1 ,xldfjz is;2juz_ uykqjr hq.h) kuz bx.S1is fmd;l fuz jf.a woyia olajd ;sfhkjd'

        Ùol2Kq m<df;a b;d jsYsIag is;2juz w;rg uq,a.srs., is;2juz .efkkjd' ta is;2juz jeo.;a jSug ;j;a fya;2jla ;sfhkjd' Wvrg is;a;r iuzm1odhg huz huz ldrK w;ska fjkia jQ is;a;r iuzm1odhla ol2Kq m<df;a ;snqKq njg fuz is;2juz idlals orkjd' fuz fjkialuz yskaod ol2Kq m<d;gu jsfYaI jqKq )md;rg is;a;r iuzm1odhla) .ek l;d lrkag mjd bvla ;sfhkjd' fuhska woyia lrkafka kE md;rg ish,qu is;2juz Wvrg iuzm1odfhka uqZMukskau fjkia jqKd lsh,d'

        Wvrg iuzm1odhg wu;rj ;j;a iuzm1odhlska md;rg is;a;r" wdNdih ,enQ nj fmakjd' fuz iuzm1odh hqfrdamh Tiafia wdmq tlla' hqfrdamfha iuzm1odh wkqj fld< mdg" Uqre mdg jf.a mdgj,a jevsmqr fhdod .kakjd' Wvrg iuzm1odh Bg jvd fjkia'

        usksia rEm weZo we;s js,dih wkqj;a fuz is;2juz Wvrg iuzm1odfhka fjkia fjkjd' uq,a.srs., usksia rEm Wvrg usksia rEmj,g jvd iajdNdjslhs' .iaje,a mjd Wvrg is;2juzj, .iaje,aj,g jvd ;d;ajslhs' is;2jul miqnsu ysiaj ;sfhkjd fjkqjg ta wjia:djg .e<fmk fkdfhla foaj,a tys jsia;r jYfhka weZoSu;a md;rg is;a;rekaf.a isrs;laÙ *386 + 394 msgq(

        f;a,m;a; cd;lhg wu;r ;j;a cd;l l;d folla fuz jsydrj, is;a;uz lr,d ;sfhkjd' tlla" )fjiaika;r cd;fla" wksl )isjs cd;fl)' fjiaika;r cd;fla yuq jkafka md; uZMfjz mu ry;a jsydfr we;2f<' isjs cd;fl yuq jkafka )rc uy jsydr uZMfjz) msysgs )rc uy jsydfr) bosrsmi ns;a;sfh'

msgqj 5=

uq,a.srs iZ. mrmqr

        uq,a.srs., jsydrfhka nsys jqKq ix> mruzmrdjl2;a ,xldj mqrd m1isoaOshg m;a jqKd' fuz mrmqr yeZoskajqfKa )uq,a.srs mrmqr) hk kuska' fuz mrmqfrA iudruzNh isjqfKa ljodoehs ksh; jYfhkau lSu wudrehs' ta jqK;a th wE; w;S;fha isgu we;s jQjla nj fmakjd'

        wE; w;S;fhaoS uq,a.srs., m1isoaO jqfKa )NdKl) NsCIq mruzmrdjl uQ,ia:dkhla yegshg' )NdKl NslaIQka jykafia,d) lshd lshkafka ;s1msglhg wh;a huz huz fldgia lg mdvuska mj;ajd f.k wdmq NslaIq mruzmrdjhs' fuys jev isgs yduqrejreka )ucaCOsu NdKl) mruzmrdjg wh;ajkag we;ehs wkqudk lrkafka fuys tla f,kla ta NslaIQka jykafia,dg mQcd l<d lshd jsYajdihla mj;sk ksid' )ucaCOsu NdKl) yduqrejreka yegshg yZkajkag we;af;a ;s1msglfha )ucaCOsu ksldh) lg mdvuska oek isg ix> mruzmrdj jkag we;s'

        uykqjr hq.fhaoS uq,a.srs mruzmrdj kej;;a m1isoaOshg m;a jqKd' fuz ms<snZoj mkaif,a yduqrefjd fuz jsia;rh mejiqjd_

        Ùmd;rg NslaIQka jykafia,d w;r mruzmrd folla ;sfhkjd' fjzye,af,a mrmqrhs uq,a.srs., mrmqrhs lsh,d' fu;k uq,a.srs., mrmqfrA uQ,ia:dfk' fufy biair fj,du Wkafka jgr.af.dv Ouzumd, lshk is,aj;2ka jykafia' ta ldf,a fufy Wmiuzmodj ;sns,d kE' ta ksid oi is,a flfkl2 yegshg Wka jykafia fufy bZo,d ;sfhkjd'

        uykqjr ix>rdc yduqrejka Wmiuzmodj msysfgjzjdg miafia Ouzumd, yduqrefjdhs Wka jykafiaf.a f.da<fhdhs uykqjrg .sys,a,d Wmiuzmod fj,d fuydg meusKs,d fuz ia:dfk oshqKq lrkag lghq;2 wdruzN lr,d ;sfhkjd' t;fldg lSrA;S YS1 rdcisxy rcacqrejkaf. wkq.1yh fuz ia:dfkg ,enqKd'

       tod bZo,d fuz ia:dfkka we;s jqKq yeu yduqre kulau

msgqj 53

yeZoskafjkafka )uq,a.srs., mruzmrdjg) whs;s jsoshg' wo ta jsosfh mkai,a foish mkyla js;r ;sfhkjd fuz m<df;' idudkHfhka wjqreoaolg j;djla uQ,ia:dfkg wejsoska jeZo,d mqo,d hk isrs;la ta yduqrejkaf. ;sfhkjd' fufy ;sfhk )fmdah f.a) wfma yduqrejre Wiia fldg i,lkjd'

        fufya )fmdah f.a) ta ;ruz f.#rjhla ie,ls,a,la ,nkafka uykqjr fmdah f.h;a fuz fmdah f.h;a tlu kel;lska wdruzN l<dh lshk jsYajdfi yskaod' fuz ksid fuz mruzmrdfjz yduqrejre wjqreoaolg j;djla fufy wejsoska )fmdah lrAu) lrkjd' fuz fya;2j ksid uq,a.srs., mrmqfrA yduqrejka w;r fydZo iuZ.shla ;sfhkjdÙ

        wo fuys jsydrdOsm;Ska jykafia yegshg jev isgskafka mQcH ySkanqkafka mq[a[isrs kdhl yduqrefjd' Wka jykafia uq,a.srs., jsydfrA ody;rfjks jsydrdOsm;Ska jykafia' Bg l,ska ta mojsh fynjQfha mQcH Tzlkaohdfha jx.Si yduqrefjd' Bg;a l,ska mQcH fudorjdfka YS1 fidaudkkao kdhl yduqrefjd fuz jsydrfha oshqKqjg uy;a wem lemjSulska hqla;j lghq;2 l<d'

        3-60 oS uq,a.srs mrsfjKdOsm;Ska jykafia yegshg fiajh l< mQcH fldgjs, isrsiquk yduqrefjd fuz jsydfr ms<snZo flgs b;sydihla ,shd m< l<d )uq,a.srs fjfyr jekquz) kuz ljs fmd;l' ta fmdf;a iuzmdoljrhd jQfha cS'cS' ls1iagshka is,ajd uy;dhs'

    uq,a.srs fjfyr .ek ,shjqKq mqrdK ljshla Wkajykafia tys we;2<;a l<d' ta ljsh fufiahs_

pkao iq.kaok ukaosr uKav, uKsfuzl, ,Zo fojsZ ;2 ud
pkaok .2K keK uqyqo wrla f.k l,ia folla f.k mqolr ud
kkaok rE isre iZo miq .uke;s wreKj;S kuz ;rej fi ud
ukao mrlalu ndyq rcqka l< fjfyr fkdfjo uq,a.srsfh fu ud

msgqj 54

nErjS hhs l,la l< mjz jrla jekafod;a uq,a.sfrA

        uq,a.srs., fjfyr .srejd m;a;2fjz ck;djg muKla fkdfjhs ,xldfjz yeu m<d;lskau tk jkaokdlrejkag jeo.;a isoaOia:dkhla' biair ldf,a uq,a.srshg jg jkaokdfjz wdmq jkaokdldrfhda tys hk udrA.h ).eghla) jsoshg bosrsm;a l<d_

lsrsZos je, lvd i; by<d .kak k
fjzm; brd fok ;o lr neZo .ka k
uShd urd lkqjg ysr lr ,ka k
o,Qj lvd uq, neZo f.k m,hka k

        fuz ljsfhka iZ.jd lshd we;af;a lsrskafoa isg uq,a.srs.,g tk mdr' )lsrsZosje,) kuz )lsrskao) hs' lsrskafoa isg meusKsh hq;af;a )fjzm; brg) hs' fjzm; brska tkafka )fok.ug) hs' fuz ljsfha lshfjkafka )fok) lshdh' fok.uska uS we,a,g wejs;a t;k bZo,d )lkquq,afoKshg) wd hq;2hs' )uShd) kuz )uS we,a,) hs' )lkqj) kuz )lkquq,afoKsh) hs' t;eka isg wd hq;af;a )o,qj.af.dv) hs' ta )o,qj) hs' )uq,) kuz )uq,a.srs.,) hs' oZMj.af.dv mdfrka uq,a.srshg tk .uka udrA.h fuz ljsfhka fy<s fjkjd'

        biair jkaokdfjz tk msrsia w;r huz huz isrs;a jsrs;a mej;2Kd' ta ldf,a .srejd m;a;2fjz .eushkaf.a isrs;la kuz oskm;d wdydr iQodkuz lrkag l,ska tla yd,a usgla mskg fjka lsrSu' fjila" fmdfidka" wei< jdf.a udij, uq,a.srs., jZoskag tk fldg fuz yd,q;a /f.k tkag jkaokdlrefjda u;l ;shd .kakjd' fuz yd,a oukag jsYd, Ndck jsydr f.j,aj, ;sfhkjd' mkaif,a nqoaO mQcd iZoyd .kafka fuz Ndckj, tl;2 jk yd,a' uq,a.srs., jsydfrA md; uZMfjz bZo,d Wvu msysgs )fndaOs uZMjg;a) )ffp;H uZMjg;a mshjfrka mshjr k.sk ieoeyej;a jkaokdlrejd )uq,a.srs fjfyr jekquz) ,shQ ljshd jdf.a fufia m;d .kakjd_