yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdhl yduqrefjda



oekque;slu k<,a ;,fhka yeug fmfka
nsh ke;slu fofk;a w;rska hig oefka
msh .;s yeu /Zks yskefyk fo f;d< fldfKa
wms ks;s olsuq )isrs iquZ.2,a) ysus f. .2fKa

iuzmdol
mQcH oeos.u iqukfcda;s ysusmdfKda
isrs,a fyajdjiuz uy;d


wmodk mQrAjsld

w;smQcH uvsfya m[a[diSy
uydkdhl iajduSkahka jykafia jsisks

NslaLq NslaLfj jsh;af;d jskSf;d jsidrfod nyqiaiqf;d OuzuOfrd OuzudkqOuzumgsmkafkd ix>xfidfN;s + uyfKks" jHla; jskS; jsYdro nyqY1e; OrAuOr OrAudkqOrAu m1;smkak NslaIqj ix>hd fydnjhs' *}Ydikh nnqZMjhs( hs nqrcdKka jykafia m1ldY l< y' NslaIqka jykafia flnZ ,laIKhkaf.ka hqla; jsh hq;2 oehs fuhska uekejska u meyeos,s h'

nqrcdKka jykafia nq jQ <Z.oS u Wrefjz,dfjys jev isgsk jsg tys meusKs udrhd )Y1uK Nj;a f.#;ufhks" fldfydu yrs nq jqKd fkdje" oeka b;ska msrsksjka fkdmdkafka ukaoe)hs lshuska msrsksjka mdkakg wdrdOkd flf<a h' tjsg nqrcdKka jykafia" )udrfhda" ud nq jQfha Tfydu msrsksjka mdkakg fkd fjhs' udf.a Ydikh jHla; jskS;doS i.2Kfhka hq;a Y1djlhkaf.ka + NslaIqkaf.ka + iuzmQrAK jk;2re ud msrsksjka mdkafka ke;ehs udrhdg m1ldY l<y' nqrcdKka jykafia n,dfmdfrd;a;2 jQ NslaIq ,CIK" NslaIq .2K ljfrAoehs fuhska o uekejska meyeos,s fjz'

iuznqoaO Ydikh wdrCId lrk" nnqZMjk msrsi fuz i.2Kfhka iuzmQrAK NslaIq" NslaIqKS" Wmdil" Wmdisld hhs isjq jeoEreuz fjz' thska NslaIQka jykafia m1Odk fj;s' nqoaO ld,fha mgka wo jk ;2re;a nqoaOOrAuh f,djg f.k .shdyq NslaIQka jykafia u h' th wo;a fyg;a bosrshg;a tfia uehs'

mQcHmdo yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., udysushka jykafia fuz i.2Kfhka iuzmQrAK fjuska ix>hd nene<jQ Ydikh nene<jQ w;sfY1IaG mqoa.,fhls' Wka jykafia flakaorfha idudkH orAYkfhka wmqKHjka;hl2 f,i fmkqK;a nqoaO OrAuh wkqj uyd mqKHjka;fhls' Wka jykafia funZ l2vd fmdf;lska yZkajd osh yelall2 fkdjQj;a iefljska ms<sjka ;ruz fydZoska yZkajd oS we;' Wka jykafia f.a jsjsO fiajd w;2rska lsysmhla fufia hs _

3' msrsfjka wOHdmkh

yslalvqfjz iqux., iajduSka jykafia uQ,sl wOHdmkh ish wdpdhH!mdohka jykafia,d f.ka ,nd f.k Wiia wOHdmkh iZoyd tl,e lSrA;sOr wOHdmkdh;khla je ;2nqKq r;au,dfka mruOuzufpz;sh wdh;khg meusKshy' tjlg tys psrm1isoaOje isgs j,dfka YS1 isZOdrA: udysushka jykafia fj;ska wOHdmkh ,nd miqj tys m1OdkdpdhH! Oqrhg o m;a jQy'

w.kqjr meusKs yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdhl udysushka jykafia ;djld,sl ksjdihl wdruzN l< wOHdmk lghq;2 oshqKq lsrSu iZoyd odhljreka jsiska ia:sr ia:dkhla ms<sfh< lrk ,oska jsoHdOdr iNdj kuska m1n, ixjsOdkhla we;s fldg 3095 foieuznrA udifha oS jsfoHdaoh msrsfjk wdruzN l<y' jsfoHdaoh msrsfjk ksid YS1 ,xldjg is jQ fiajh jpkfhka lshkakg ners ;ruz fY1IaG h'

je,s.u me<Efka jqiQ ;2vdfjz mZvs;2ud wm wdpdfhH!d;a;u me<Efka isrs jcsr[dK uydkdhl udysushka jykafia f.a mshd h' tl,e ud;r m<df;a ksldh;1hg u wh;a iEfyk ixLHdjla NslaIQka jykafia bf.k .;af;a ;2vdfjz mZvs;2udf.ka h' t;2ud yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdhl udysushka jykafia iuZ. o us;1luz meje;ajQjd' mq;d mQcHmdo fjzr.uzmsg isrs frAj; udysushka jykafia fj; mejsos lrjd gsl l,lg miq mZvs;2ud wNdjm1dma; jqKd'

gsl l,lg miq uEKshka o ish mq;a jcsr[dK iajduSka jykafia iuZ. jsfoHdaoh msrsfjfka yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdhl udysushka jykafia fj;g f.dia )fukak Tn jykafia f.a us;1hd f.a mq;d tlal wdjd" kdhl udysushka jykafiag ndrhs) lSjd' Wka jykafia o b;d i;2gska ndr f.k ;uka f.a hq;2lu iuzmQrAK l<d' me<Efka isrs jcsr[dK iajduSka jykafia o b;d oCI f,i bf.k ;2ka wjqreoaolska ish,q lghq;2 wjika fldg iHdurdc ;Hd.h o oskd .;a;d'

4 WNhdxY mdremkh

wirKirK je,sjsg irKxlr ix>rdc udysushka jykafia f.a mgka ishuz ksldfha NslaIqka jykafia taldY mdremkh l<y' wurmqr rdu[a[ fo ksldfha NslaIqka jykafia WNhdxY mdremkh l<y' yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdhl udysushka jykafia o WNhdxY mdremkh ms<sf.k fojqr u jefik fia isjqre fmrjSu l<y' Wka jykafia wkq.ukh l< ishuz ksldhsl NslaIQka jykafia,d iEfyk ixLHdjla WNhdxY mdremkh l<y'

5 fn#oaO fldvsh

isxy fldvsfha ksrAud;D gq.euqKq uyrc;2ud h' tys jsldYh isxy, fn#oaO fldvsh hs' tkuz ol2Kq w;g lvqj .;a isxyhd yd fldka y;frA fnda fld< ;sfnk fldvsh hs' isxyhd + fuz rg isxy, nj fmkakSug h' ol2Kq w;g .;a lvqj + ksoyia rdcHhla nj fmkakSug h' fldka y;frA fndafld< + isxy, rg fn#oaO nj fmkakSug h' ful,e ;sfnk cd;sl fldvsfha mdg mgs fol + isxy, fn#oaO rfgys iqZM cd;slhkg oS ;sfnk idOdrK whs;sjdisluz fmkakSugh'

usysZ uyry;ka jykafia f.a meusKSfuka miq isxy, rg fn#oaO jsh' thska fmdfydh yeZ.Su;a i;r fmdfydh ksjdvqj;a we;s jsh' wo wm b;d Wiia fldg i,lk fjila mqkq fmdfydh jsfYaIhla ke;s je idudkH mqkq fmdfydhla yegshg u i,lk ,oS' fjila jsfYaI W;aijh wdruzN flf<a

msgqj 80

gq.euqKq uyrc;2ud h' jsfoaYSka YS1 ,xldj wdl1uKh l< miq jHjydr jrAI 399= oS Tz,kao wdKavqldr;2ud jsiska brsod ksjdvq mk;la iuzu; flfruska wjqre 4=90 la ;2nqKq fmdfydh ksjdvqj ke;s lrk ,oS' fn#oaOhkg fjila mqkq fmdfydh j;a ksjdvq kafka ke;' fn#oaOhkg is l< widOdrKluzj, m1udKhla ke;'

300= oS weurslka cd;sl fikam;s fykars iagS,a Tz,algz;2ud f.a meusKSfuka miq isxy, fn#oaOfhda uy;a m1fndaOhg m;a jQy' tys m1;sM,hla jYfhka 300= oS fn#oaO mru js{dkdrA: ius;sh;a 3006 oS fn#oaO wdrlaIl lusgqj;a m;a lr .kakd ,oS' fikam;s Tz,algz;2ud f.a uQ,sl;ajfhka wdruzN l< fn#oaO wdrlaIl lusgqfjz m1Odk wkqYdiljreka yegshg ls1hd lf<da yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdhl udysushka jykafia;a fudfydgzgzj;af;a .2Kdkkao udysushka jykafia;a h' iNdm;s uqykaosruz ta'mS' OrAu.2KjrAOk uy;d h' Wm iNdm;s fodka lfrd,sia fyajdjs;drK uy;d h' f,aluz lfrda,sia mQcs; .2KjrAOk uy;d h'

3005 udrA;2 47 jeks od fmd,Sisfha o wjirh we;s je oSm;a;udrduh n,d .sh fn#oaO fmryerg fldgfyafka oS myr oS uyd jskdYhla l<d' uy;a wirK njg m;a jQ fn#oaOhkaf.a ikafoaYh /f.k tx.,ka;hg .sh Tz,algz;2ud ns1;dkH rchg lreKq meyeos,s ler oS fjila osk ksjdvq oSfuz wjYH;dj o fmkajd oS wdmiq ,xldjg meusK f;dr;2re lshd kej;;a urdisfha wvshdrAys mrujs{dkdrA: ius;sfha uQ,dikhg .shd'

fjila fmdfydh ksjdvq oSfuz wjYH;dj ms<s.;a ns1;dkH rch 3007 udrA;2 49 jeks od .eigz ksfjzokfhka bosrs fjila od isg fjila osk ksjdvq hehs m1ldY l<d' ta jrAIfhys fjila mqkq fmdfydh fhoS ;2nqfKa wfm1a,a 40 jkodg h' n,j;a mS1;shg m;a jqKq fn#oaO wdrlaIl lusgqj jyd u /iajS fjila W;aijh uy by<ska meje;ajSug yslalvqfjz YS1

msgqj 8-

iqux., kdhl udysushka jykafia yd fudfydgzgsj;af;a .2Kdkkao udysushka jykafia o we;2ZM jsfYaI lusgqj /iajS idlpzPd fldg fn#oaO fldvshla ;kd Tijkakg kshu ler .kakd ,oS' fn#oaO fldvshg ijkla nq/ia fhdod .kakg ;SrKh fldg uS<Z. /iajSug tk jsg nq/ia fhdod fldvshla ms<sfh< lerf.k tkakg we;euqkag kshu l<d' fn#oaO wdrlaIl lusgqfjz f,aluz lfrda,sia mQcs; .2KjrAOk uy;d jsiska ms<sfh< fldg f.fkk ,o fldvsh iqiq hehs lusgqj ms<s.;a;d' gsl l,lg miqj kej;;a ,xldjg meusKs fikam;s Tz,algz;2ud fldvsh oel i;2gg m;a jS fldvsh m1udKfhka os. jevs nj lshd os. m<, iu l<d' gsl l,lg fmr jsfoHdoh msrsfjfkys mej;s uyd W;aijfhys tla wx.hla f,i fhdod ;2nqK ps;1 m1orAYkfhys ft;sydisl ps;1 w;r fn#oaO fldvsh ms<snZo ps;1fhys Nslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdhl udysushka jykafia f.a;a fikam;s Tz,algz;2ud f.a;a lfrda,sia mQcs; .2KjrAOk uy;d f.a;a rE igyka fmfkkakg ;2nqKd u;lhs'

mQcHmdo yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdhl udysushka jykafia f.a Ydik fiajh;a idys;H fiajh;a cd;sl fiajh;a iudc fiajh;a b;d mqZM,a h' thska iqZM fldgila fuu fmdf;ys iefljska iZoyka fjz' yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdhl udysushka jykafiag ksjka iqj w;afjzjd)hs b; is;ska m1drA:kd flfrus'

msgqj 9=

yslalvqfjz kdysus .ek''''

fkdle,e,a ju osf,k f,i isrs,la uvqfjz
oiUq,a iiqk no wdisrs osla jevqfjz
bkq,a hiia yZv kdf,dj f;la fovqfjz
iquZ.2,a wm idus orefjks ysla lvqfjz

lsisfjla l2ug lsjsoskq ljs nsZ.2 uq< g
mshqula js,ia .;a fuu osjhsfkys fi g
fliZ.la ;ruj;a iujk f,i Tn g
lsisfjla oskqfj ke; ish jfilska fums g

fojqr jid kq.msrs uZvf,jz ie/ yS
isjqr fmrjSu Tn ms<s.;a osfk yS
wur jreka jeiajQ u,a fmdl2re je yS
neyer flf<h mqyqu; l2Kq li, fu yS

fndreuka l2yl le; .;s r ,Efjzh
fj;jka yeug lreKd osh .Efjzh
fuyeuska ;ud fig nj ysus mEfjzh
tfyhska wmg Tn ks;ru iSfjzh

ksjka olsk ;2re isZoyer iir neuS
Woka wkkakg keK .2K iuZ. fuuS
myka Tnf. isrefrys wZM riska ksuS
fidfydka fldf;a ms<sirKhs is;ka fkuS

tia' uyskao ysus

msgqj 93

yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdhl yduqrefjda

3049 ckjdrs 4= jk od yslalvqfjz fygzgsf.dv msysgs iqkaor nqkq ksjykla ;2<ska ksl2;a jQ isZ.s;a;l2 f.a usysrs yZvla ijka jel2Kq wNsudkj;a mshl2 f.a fofk; n,dfmdfrd;a;2 iy.; oSma;sfhka nenef<kakg jsh' ta isZ.s;a;d kuz )yslalvqfjz isrs iqux., ysus) kuska mejsos nsug m;a .2KjrAOk l2ure h' oKavkaf.dv .uf.a ls1ia;skd ydusfka tl2ure fuf,djg odhdo l< ud;dj h' mshd jQl,S j<dl2,af.a fodka fcdydksia wfnzjSr .2KjrAOk ,shkwdrpzps rd<ydus h'

.2KjrAOk isZ.s;a;d ih fofkl2 f.ka hq;a mjqf,a miajekakd h' Tyqg jevsuy,a msrsus ifydaorjre isjq fofkla isgshy'

tod rcfha Wiia ks,;, ,nd .ekSu yq W.;aluska muKla l< fkd yels jsh' ta iZoyd wksjdrAhfhka u ls1ia;shdksldrhl2 jsh hq;2 j ;2nqKs' tu ksid tl, we;euz fn#oaO ujqmsfhda ;u orejka njq;Siau lrjd m,a,sfha ,shd mosxps l<y' tu brKug fuz .2KjrAOk <megshdg o uqyqK fokakg

msgqj 94

is jsh' Tyq )ksl2,ia) hk kuska njq;Siau ler jQ mshd tfia lrkakg is jSu .ek n,j;a luzmdjg o m;a jS isgsfha h'

Bg fya;2j jQfha njq;Siau l< ish fcHIaG mq;1hd *,qjsia( m,a,sh me;a;g u weoS f.dia ls1ia;shdksldrhl2 jQjd fia fuu mia jk mq;1hd o ls;2kqjl2 fjz foda hk ielh hs' fuz ksid t;2ud ish mq;2 uyd ix>r;akh fijfKa u ;nkakg l,amkd flf<a h' tfyhsks" 3054 oS ksl2,ia l2ureg yslalvqfjz fidaNs; ysushka fj;ska )w) hkq )wd) hkq lshjd w;a fmd;a ;nd uQ,sl wOHdmkh ,nkakg uZ. i,id kafka" ksl2,ia l2urd fidaNs; ysushka f.ka uQ,sl wOHdmkh ,enSu iZoyd .sfha ish tla jevsuy,a fidfydhqrl2 jQ wkaos1ia .2KjrAOk o legqj h' Tjqyq ;rZ.hg je,af,a wl2re ,Sfjda h .S iSmo lSfjda h' ksl2,ia ta yeu jsfgl u oskqu ,nk jsg wkaos1ia jv jvd;a i;2gq jQjd jskd ish nd, fidfydhqrd flfrys ffjrhla BrAIHdjla Wmojd .;af;a ke;' ta kshu fidfydhqre fm1auh hs'

yeu od w,qhu 6g wjos jQ fuz l2urejd oevs wOsIaGdkhlska bf.kSfuys ksr; jsh' fufia l,la hk jsg Tyqg Y;l fmd;a mjd fydZoska lshjkakg yels jsh' Tyq )ilialv) lg mdvuska lSfjz h' tu ksid Tyq fjkqfjka )ilialv fkdlsjq lg + Wf.a lg yqUia lg) lshkakg lsisjl2g kqmqZMjka jsh' tfuka u msrs;a fmd;;a Ouzumoh;a lg mdvuska lshuska tajdfha wrA: ksrEmKh flf<a kshu mZvs rejkla fuks'

msgqj 95

mkaif,a wOHdmkh muKla ,nd oSfuka orejd f.a wOHdmk lghq;2 wx. iuzmQrAK fkdjk nj o;a mshd Tyq m<df;a m1isoaO uyd jsoHd,hlg we;2<;a lsrSug wosgka ler .;af;a h'

iqiq kel;la n,d l2vd mq;2 mdi,g we;2<;a lrkakg ;SrKh l< rd<ydus oskla Tyq f.a fjz,dm;alv o /f.k mjqf,a klaIia;1lre fj; md keZ.Sh' Tyq th w;g .;a flfKys u k<,a ;,h /,s .kajd rd<ydus foi n,d fufia lSh_ );ry fjkak tmd rd<ydus fufyu lshkjdg" fuz orejdf.ka rd<ydusg m,la keye' fuhd f.a wdhqI flgs hs' fuhdg bf.k .kak;a neye" .sys cSjs;fha /ZfKd;a fuhd f,fvla fjkj' tuksid lajkafka ke;2j fuz <uhd uyK lrjkak' t;fldg Tlafldu w.2K uZ.yers,d hdjs')

rd<ydus f.or wjq;a ydusfkag l:d fldg is jQ weneoaosh myod kafka h' )tfyu lshkak tmd' ug fmak yegshg kuz fmdvs orejd wfkla orejka Tlafldagu jvd bf.k .kak oiai hs' oeka ilialfv;a lg mdvuska lshkjd' wd.u OrAfu;a fydZoska okakjd' Th BrAIHdjg lshk l;d wms .Kka fkdf.k buzuq'')hs ydusfka ms<s;2re kakd h'

)kE ydusfka" flakaorh yrs' uyK kQfKd;a ;ud orejd wirK fjkafka" ta ksid wms orejd uyK lrjuq') hkqfjka rd<ydus wehg ms<s;2re kafka h'

msgqj 96

flfia fj;;a klaIia;1lre f.a lshuk ksid orejd uyd jsoHd,hlg we;2<;a lsrSfuz woyi w; yereKs' Tyqg ;j rg;a mkai,a wOHdmkh u ,ndoSug jevsysgsfhda fjfyiqKy' ;udg ysus j we;af;a y;r flakah u mdZM yZoyklehs oek isgs ksl2,ia o ks;r l,amkdfjys ksu.ak j mkai,g u jS l,a.; flf<a h'

f;dg.uqfjz jschnd msrsfjk msysgd ;2nqfKa fcdydksia .2KjrAOk rd<ydus f.a ksjfia isg uhs,la muK rsks' rd<ydus tys m1Odk odhlfhla o jsh' 306= wjqreoafoa jia ld,h t<eUsKs' msg;ska NslaIQka jykafia,d mia kula jia jsiSu iZoyd fuu msrsfjkg jevu l<y' oskla tu NslaIQka jykafia,dg isjqmifhka ix.1y fldg wjidkfha rd<ydus os. is;sjs,a,l ksu.ak j isgsfhah' wka;sfuz oS )fuz j;dfjz lGsk msxlu wjidkfha uf.a mqxps mq;d uyK lrjkak u TzkE) hk ks.ukhg fya nei .;af;a h' tfia ks.ukh fldg orejd f.a mkai,a wOHdmkh .ek jsOsu;a j fidhd ne,Sug wrela.uqfjz frAj; ysushka f.a iydh o ,nd .;af;a h'

306= fkdjeuznrA udifha osfkl tu lGsk msxlu meje;ajsKs' tosk 35 jshe;s ksl2,ia l2, orejd o uyK lrjkakg ish,q lghq;2 iQodkuz ler ;2nqKs'

tod mqxps ksl2,ia f.a yeisrsu fjkodg jvd fjkia jsh' Tyq fufia l,amkd lrkakg jsh_

)wo ud uyK lrjkakg hkafka uf.a y;r flakah u mdZM ksihs' ug bf.k .kak ners,q" f,v frda. yefokj,q" uf.a wdhqI flgs,q" uyK

msgqj 97

jqKdg miqj;a uf.a cSjs;h ta jsoshg .; jqfKd;a ug;a jvd uf.a foudmshkaghs" wjkuznq jkafka' tuksid uu uyK lrk fj,djg fldfyayrs yexf.kak TzkE')

mejsos lrk fjz,dj wdikak jk jsg orejd w;2reoka jQfhka ljqre;a Tyq fidhkakg jQy' ish,af,da nshm;a jQy' w;2roka jQ mqxps u,a,s fidhkakg Tyq f.a jevsuy,a fidfydhqrd jQ ,qjsia .2KjrAOk fndfyda fia fjfyiqfKa h' Tyq n,j;a fjfyig m;a j mkai,a j;af;a tla l2vd wU .ila hg jdvs jS Wv n,df.k l,amkd lruska isgsfha h' mqufhls' wU .fya Wv u w;af;a fon,hg keZ.S ieZ.jS isgsk mqxps u,a,S Tyq fofk;g f.dre jsh'

)wfka r;a;rx u,a,S" mrsiaiuska .fyka nyskak')

ÙuyK lrjkafka ke;akuz nyskjdÙ

Tyq )yauz) lshd ksyZv j u,a,S nsug nysk ;2re n,d isgsfha h' wre.af.dv frAj; ysusfhda o tfjf,a yrshg u tu ia:dkhg jevu l<y' Wka jykafia )fufy tkak orejd) lshuska mqxps ksl2,ia f.a w;ska w,a,d .;ay'

)mqf;a fudlo fuz wmg wjkuznq lrkafka) lshuska rd<ydus o t;ekg osj wdfjz h'

)ug nE uyK fjkak)

)ta wehs$)

msgqj 98

)uu f,fvla fjkjd,q'wvq wdhqfika uefrkjd,q' bf.k .kak;a ners,q' b;ska uyK jqKdg miafi;a tfyu brKula w;a fj,d la jsZoskjdg ;d;a;,d leu;s o$)

)kE mqf;a" mq;dg ljodj;a tfyu fjkafk kE' uyK jqfKd;a mq;dg fydZog bf.k .kak mqZMjka fjkjd' oekgu;a fydZog bf.k .kak mqZMjka nj mq;d Tmamq lr ;sfhkjd' ta jf.au mq;d uyK jqfKd;a kuz ordmq kdhl yduqrekula fjkjd' ta jf.a u mq;d uyK jqfKd;a wfma y;r jrs.hla u ksjka olakjd')

fuu msh mq;2 fo niska miq mq;2 ksyZv j nsu n,df.k iskdiqfKa Ùuu uyK fjkjdÙ lshkakdla fuks'

fuu fo ni lerefKa fyuskaiSrefjz msrsfjk n,d .uka lrusks' fo ni wjika jk jsg ljqre;a msrsfjkg we;2ZM jS isgshy' iajduSka jykafia,d meusK ksl2,ia l, l2ure jgler .;ay' fyajsis lrefjda fyajsis yZvjkakg jQy' fmryerska iSud ud,lh lrd .uka l< l2ure ish,a,ka f.a id yZv ueoafoa wrela.uqfjz frAj; ysushka f.a wdpdrAh;ajfhka mejsos nsug m;a jsh' t;eka isg tl2ure yeZoskajQfha )yslalvqfjz iqux., ysus) hk kusks'

iqux., fyrKmdKka ish .2re foajhdKka jykafia o iuZ. jev isgsfha yslalvqfjz fygzgsf.dv ;s,ldrdufha h' 3063 jia jsiSu iZoyd Wka jykafia

msgqj 99

ish .2re foajhdKka jykafia jk wrela.uqfjz frAj; ysushka iuZ. udm,.u m1foaYfha mkai,lg jevu l<y' jia iufha tlS udm,.u jsydria:dkfhys cd;l fmd; wdY1fhka OrAu foaYkd ud,djla meje;ajSug ;SrKh ler ;2nqKs' ta wkqj oskm;d u cd;l fmd;a jykafia weiqrska OrAu foaYkd lsrSfuz j.lSu o yslalvqfjz iqux., fmdvs yduqrejkag mejrsKs' Wka jykafia cd;l fmd;a jykafia weiqrska l< tu OrAu foaYkd ud,dj ld w;r;a fnfyjska ckms1h jsh' Wka jykafia f.a OrAu foaYkd ckms1h jSug tla fya;2jla kuz OrAu foaYkdjla wjidkfha tys iuzmsKavkhla oSu h' )wfma mkai,g wZM;ska wejs;a bkak mqxps yduqrefjda cd;l fmdf;ka nK lshkak yrsu oiaihs) hkqfjka mejiQ .uzjeisfhda Wka jykafiaf.ka OrAu foaYkd weiSu iZoyd je, fkdlevs weoS tkakg jQfhka tjr lGsk msxlu o b;d w,xldr jsh' fufia meusKs msrsi w;r )fcdaka fldrAfka,sia wNhjrAOk) kue;a;d o jsh' fya tl, udm,.u jqiQ tl u bx.S1is W.;d o jsh' fmdvs yduqrejka f.a olaI;dj uekjska jgyd .;a fya .2re ysushka f.a o wjirh msg Wka jykafiag bx.S1is;a .Ks;h;a b.ekajSug bosrsm;a jsh' jia ld,h wjika j;a u Wka jykafiag bx.S1is yd .Ks;h ms<snZo iEfyk oekqula we;s jsh'

wk;2re j Wka jykafiag isxy," md,s yd ixialD; b.ekajSug o frAj; ysusfhda l,amkd l<y' ta iZoyd f;dard .kakd ,oafoa tl, f;dg.uq

msgqj 90

jsydrfha jev jqiQ mkakuzf.dv ysushka h' fkdfnda lf,lska u yslalvqfjz iqux., fyrKmdfKda tu NdIdjka ms<snZo yi< oekqula we;s ler .;ay'

fuz wjosfha ishuz rg isg wm rgg NslaIQkajykafia,d mia kula jevu l<y' Wka jykafia,dg isxy, fyda bx.S1is fyda l:d lrkakg oekqula fkd;2nqKs' Wka jykafia,dg l:d l< yels jQfha md,s NdIdj muKs' th n,j;a mSvdldrS fohla jsh' md,s NdIdfjka
l:d l< yels tl o whl2 j;a fidhd .; fkd yels jSu ksid ,xldj ms<snZo f;dr;2re lsisjla ukd fia oek .kakg wiSre jsh' Wka jykafia,d .d,q mqrjrh kerUSu iZoyd meusKs wjia:dfjz jdikdjlg fuka wm l:dkdhlhdKka jykafia o yZkd .kakg yels jsh' ;uka jykafia,d iuZ. b;d p;2r wkaouska md,s NdIdfjka l:d l< 39 jshe;s yslalvqfjz iqux., ;reK NslaIqka jykafia ms<snZo j Wka jykafia,d ;2< we;s jQfha n,j;a m1idofhls' ishuz ; msrsi ixpdrh ksu fldg osjhsfkka neyer j hk ;2re u md<sfhka l< l;d ny isxy,hg;a ,xldjdiSka isxyf,ka l< l;d ny md,shg;a mrsjrA;kh lf<da yslalvqfjz iqux., ysusfhda h'

3066 j,dfka YS1 isoaOdrA: udysushka f.a Ndrhg m;a jQ iqux., fyrKmdfKda r;au,dfka mruOuzufpz;sh msrsfjfkys jev fjfiuska ;j rg;a md,s" ixialD; wdoS NdIdjkq;a nqoyu;a .eUqrg yod<y' tfia u Wka jykafia )ldYskd: jsoHd,xldr) kuz jQ Ndr; mZvsjrhdf.ka o ;rAl jsoHdj jeks Ydia;1 yod<y'

msgqj 9-

3060 jk ;2re u mruOuzufpz;sh msrsfjfkys jev jsiQ Wka jykafia fidhd f.k fkd okakd lreKq oek .ekSu iZoyd meusKs msrsi buy;s' fhdjqka jsfhys miq jqj;a wejsosk mqia;ld,hla nZ jQ Wka jykafia jsrAhdOsl" m1{dOsl mejsos mZvsjrhl2 jYfhka ldf.a;a m1Yxidjg ,la jQy'

fuz jk jsg Wka jykafiag jhi wjqre 4= la muK we;' Wka jykafiag Wmiuzmod jSug ld,h meusK we;s nj jgyd .;a frAj; ysusfhda ta iZoyd lghq;2 iQodkuz l<y' fuz w;r jsis jshe;s m1jSK W.;l2 jQ yslalvqfjz iqux., ;reK ysusmdfKda Wmiuzmodj ,nk iajduSka jykafia kul jsiska W.;hq;2 ish,q u lreKq fydZoska bf.k .;ay' Wka jykafia iq;a;ksmd;h fydZoska yod<y' Wka jykafia Wmiuzmod Wf<, osk uykqjr u,aj;2 jsydrhg jevu flf<a ;,am;l ,shk ,o ÙWmiuzmodIaglhÙ kuz ;uka u ,shQ .1ka:h o /f.k h' isrs;a mrsos o<od ud<s.hg jevu fldg o<od mQcd mj;ajd Wmiuzmod ufyda;aijh iZoyd u,aj;af;a iSud ud,lhg jevu l< Wka jykafiaf.ka oekqu jsuiSu iZoyd wik ,o yeu m1Yakhlg u yeu fok jsu;shg m;ajk whqrska tvs;r f,i ms<s;2re kay' Wkajykafia f.a jkfmd;a lsrSfuz yelshdj gqfjda ujs;h m< l<y'

Wmiuzmodj wjik Wka jykafia ;uka jykafiau rpkd l< )WmiuzmodIaglh) uyd ix>r;akhg mQcd l<y' ;,am;aj, mkaysfZoka ,shQ tu .1ka:h mQcd lsrSfuka wk;2re j tys jevu ler isgs NslaIQka jykafia,d w;r ta ms<snZo j n,j;a ielhla we;s jsh'

msgqj 0=

tu ielh we;s jQfha t;ruz idr.rAN md,s .1ka:hla yslalvqfjz iqux., ysushka jeks <dnd, ;reK ysus kulg iuzmdokh l< yels o hkak .ek h' ta nj oek.;a yslalvqfjz iqux., yduqrefjda bosrshg meusK )ug TzkEu ud;Dldjla fokak" uu ta hgf;a .d:d rpkd lr fmkajkakuz) hkqfjka lshd ksyZv jQy' miqj Wka jykafiag ka laIKsl ud;Dldjg wkqj b;d wrA:j;a .d:d 6 la laIKsl j ;,am;l mkaysfZoka ,shd W;a;rS;r ix> iNdj bosrsfhys lrAK ridhk uOqriajrfhka lshjd ish oCI;dj;a W.;alu;a uekejska m1orAYkh l<y' bka miq we;s jQ ielh ld ;2<skq;a re jsh'

Wka jykafiag Wv/gshka f.ka mjd tod ,enqKq f.#rj iuzudk buy;s' .,aysgshdfjz YS1 OrAurCIs; udysusmdKka f.a WmdOHdh;ajfhka Wmiuzmodj ,enQ yslalvqfjz iqux., ;reK ysusfhda u,aj;2 uyd jsydrfha isg r;au,dfka mruOuzufpz;sh msrsfjkg;a miqj ;uka jykafia f.a .2re foajhdKka jykafia iu. l,ska jev isgs yslalvqfjz ;s,ldrduhg;a jevu l<y'

.1ka:Oqrh msrSu <ore l, mejsos jQjka f.a hq;2lu jQ fyhska Wka jykafia tys ,d mrf;rg m;a j jHdldrKh" ksrela;sh .ek oelajQ mrsK; Ndjh weoysh fkdyels ;ruz h'

fuz wjOsfha yslalvqfjz ysushka f.a wdpdhH!jrhdKka jykafia kul jQ )ngqjka;2vdfjz foajrlaLs; yduqrejka jykafia Wmejsos jS )ngqjka;2vdfjz foajrlaLs; .2re;2ud)

msgqj 03

jYfhka m1isoaOshg m;a j isgshy' t;2ud bZo ysg ish mejsos YsIHhd oel .ekSu iZoyd jsydrhg meusfKk isrs;la ;2nqKs' tys oS Wka jykafiag n,j;a m1Yakhlg uqyqK fokakg is jsh' .2re ysus;2ul2 meusfKk jsg wiqkska keZ.sg .re lsrSu isrs;h' tfy;a oeka Wka jykafia isjqre yer .syshl2 njg m;a j isgsk fyhska tfia yqkiafkka keZ.S isg .re l< fkdyels h' tfy;a ;uka jykafia f.a .2rejrhd ksid t;2ud meusfKk jsg jdvs jS isgSug o fkdyels h' tksid .2re;2ud r tkq gq jsg" t;2ud kqgqjdla fuka yqkiafkka keZ.sg ilauka lsrSug Wka jykafia mqrej isgshy' fuz isoaOsh Wka jykafia ;2< meje;s .2re Nla;sh biau;2 lefrk isoaOsfhls'

ta jk f;la iqux., ysushkag ia:sr jdiia:dkhla fkd ;2nqKs' tfyhska Wka jykafia 3070 oS .d,af,a fndaj;af;a iqorAYk mrudkkao jsydrhg ia:sr jdih iZoyd jevu l<y' bkamiq mQcH nq,;a.u OrAud,xldr isrs iquk;siai ysushka jsiska wdruzN lrk ,o Ù,xfldamldrÙ hka;1d,fhka m< lereKq isxy, mqj;am;aj,g iy iZ.rdj,g b;d w.kd ,sms iemhSfuka isxy, NdIdjg;a iuznqoaO Ydikhg;a buy;a fiajdjla bgq l<y'

3088 jifrA YS1mdoia:dkfha wOsm;s mojsh oerE y,.u w;a:oiaiS ysusfhda jeros ls1hd yd wksis md,kh ksid tjlg isgs bx.S1is wdKavqldrhd jsiska tu mojsfhka my lrkq ,enQy' .sys mejsos fndfyda ys;j;2ka f.a n,j;a wdhdpkh ksid iqux., ysushka jsiska tu ;k;2r iZoyd b,a,quz m;la bosrsm;a lrk

msgqj 04

,fhka 308- oS meje;s Pkaofhka Wka jykafia YS1mdoia:dkfhys wOsm;s;ajhg m;a jQy' miq j tu m;ajSug jsreoaO j l,ska tys wOsm;slu oerE w;a:oiaiS ysushka jsiska ;j;a iajduSka jykafia,d lsysm kula o iyNd.s lrjdf.k Wka jykafiag jsreoaO j kvqjla mjrk ,o kuq;a bka ch.; fkd yels jsh'

Wka jykafia YS1mdoia:dkfha wOsm;s mojsh oruska YS1 ,xld ud;djg buy;a fiajdjla is l<y'

ishuz ksldfha WNhdY mdremk iuzm1odh *fojqr jid isjqr fm/jSu( we;s lf<da yslalvqfjz kdhl yduqrefjda h' jsfoHdaoh .2re l2,fha h;sjre tlS iuzm1odh oekq fkd lv fldg rls;s'

3089 oS me,auvq,af,a mqrdK jsydria:dkh wi, oS mej;s ;s1msglh ixfYdaOkh lsrSfuz uyd n, uKav,fha uq,iqk fynejQfjda o yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., ysusfhda h' fuu ;s1msgl ix.dhkdjg ishuz ksldfhka Wkajykafia iuZ. j,dfka isoaOdrA:" Wvq.uzm, r;kmd," hd;1duq,af,a OrAudrdu hk uydia:jsrhka jykafia,d o ngqjka;2vdfjz mZvz;2ud o iyNd.s jQy' wurmqr ksldfhka iyNd.s jQfha ,xldf.dv YS1 OSrdkkao rkafodfUz OrAud,xldr" je,s.u iqux.," fodvkafjz OrAudrdu iy jialvqfjz iqN@;s hk uydia:jsrhka jykafia,d h'

r;au,dfka mruOuzufpz;sh msrsfjk msysgqjd tys m1OdkdpdrAh j jevjsiQ j,dfka isoaOdrA: udysushka 3080 fmnrjdrs 35 osk wmj;a jQfhka 308- oS iqux., kd ysusfhda tys m1OdkdpdrAh mojshg m;a jQy' tys oS

msgqj 05

Wka jykafia fmros. NdIdjka ms<snZoj;a nqoaOd.u ms<snZoj;a uekejska yod< NslaIqka jykafia,d jsYd, msrsila nsys l<y'

mqiafld< fmd;;a mkaysZo;a Wkajykafia f.a l,K us;2frda jQy'

Wka jykafia ,shQ fmd;a m;aj,ska WmiuzmodIaglh *md,s(" ux.,dIaglh *ixialD;(" n1yau OrAuh fyj;a wkqYdikd ix.1yh *ixialD; moH .1ka:hla isxy, moHhg fmr<Sfuls( udirA;2 ,laIKsh *fcHd;sIh yd OrAu jskh(" jrAK rS;sh *fy< jshrKh(" ls1ia;shdks jdo urAokh" isxy, uyd jxYh *ngqjka;2vdfjz mZvs;2ud f.a o iyNd.s;ajfhka(" iso;a iZ.rd ikakh" iSud jsNd.h" i;H ix.1yh" ikaOs ix.1yh" ljzfialr ikaki" ,nzOs;2,dj" fn#oaO jd.aidrh" nd,dj;dr gSldj" wdLHd; jHdLHdj iy wd;au mrSlaIdj uq,a ;eka .;a w;r" ,xldf,dal" iuh" irijs iZo/i" iqorAYk iy isZMusK iZ.rdj jeks mqj;a m;a iZ.rd Wka jykafia f.a ,smsj,ska fmdaIKh jsKs' tfia u Wka jykafia foaYSh yd jsfoaYSh .sys mejsos mZvsjreka fj; hejQ wrA:dkajs; oSrA> ,sms rdYsfhls'

yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., ysusmdfKda wgqjd gSld iys; ;s1msglh" fjzo" fjzodx. yd Ivz orAYk" isxy," md,s" ixialD;" yskaos" fnx.d,s" fou<" ud.Os" .Kl" wmN1xi" m1xY" bx.S1is" crAuka wdoS NdId Ydia;1 ms<snZoj o" fcHd;srA jsoHdj" ffjoH jsoHdj" ;rAl Ydia;1h"

msgqj 06

Pkafoda,xldr" b;sydih" wrA: Ydia;1h yd m1cd md,kh jeks Ydia;1 ms<snZoj o yi< oekqula we;s j isgs uyd mZvs rejfkls'

fu nZ .2Kj;a W;2ul2 Y; jrAI lSmhlska isxy, cd;sfhys kQmka nj taldka; i;Hfhle hs jfrl ,lausKs myka l;2jrhd iZoyka ler we;' tfia u ,xldfjz isgsk mZvsjreka w;r m<uqjk mZvsjrhd yslalvqfjz kd ysusfhda he hs tl, jsoHd,xldr mrsfjzkdOsm;Ska jykafia j jevjsiQ OrAudrdu kdysusfhda mejiQy' ,lansfuys isgsk mZvsjreka w;r m<uqjk mZvsjrhd ljqoehs f; jeks mka;sfha <uhl2f.ka weiqj;a ta yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdysushka hhs fkd mels, lshk ;rug Wka jykafia m1{djka; jQfha he hs jfrl lsrsj;a;2vqfjz YS1 m1{didr kdysusfhda mejiQy'

Wka jykafia 300= oS .d,q m<df;a m1Odk ix>kdhl mojshg m;a jQy' 30-=oS fld<U kj fldarf<a m1Odk ix>kdhl mojshg m;ajQy' tfia u Wka jykafia ;s1msgljd.SYajrdpdrAh mojsfhka o nqyquka ,oy' ;s1msgl OrAuh .ek muKla fkdj rfgz md,k kS;sh .ek o yi< oekqula ;2nQ Wka jykafia f.a YS1 kduh ns1;dkHh" bkaoshdj" m1xYh" crAuksh" reishdj" weursldj" b;d,sh" yxf.arshdj" whrA,ka;h" cmdkh" nqreuh" ishu iy lduzfndach jeks rgj, mjd W;a;rS;r wkaouska m1p,s; jsh' b;d,sfha wdishd;sl ix.ufha f.#rj idudcsl;ajhg *f$$f$$mf,daIsma(

msgqj 07

*3009(m;a ler .kq ,enQ Wka jykafia )vsmaf,daud vs fidaisTz TfkdrdrsTz) hk jsoHd jsYdro WmdOsfhka o nqyquka ,oy'

Wka jykafia nyqY1; Ndjfhka w. ;ekam;a jQy' fyhshka;2vqfjz foajus;a; ysus" uyf.dv YS1 {dfkaYajr ysus" me,Efka isrs jcsr[dK uy kdysus" h.sr, m[a[dkkao kdysus" fjzr.u nKavdr mZvs;2ud" cS'mS' jsl1udrpzps fjo rd<ydus" iurisxy fjo uqo,s;2ud iy YS1 i;sYapka jsoHdN@IK mZvs;2ud''''''wdoS jYfhka Wka jykafia f.a YsIH mruzmrdj oyia .Kkska igyka l< yels h' fldcska" fldcsud" if;da jeks nqreu cd;sl YsIHhka Wka jykafia fj; oelajQ Nla;sh ksuz ysuz ke;' bf.kSu idrA:l jSfuz tl u ryi .2re f.#rjh nj Wka jykafia ks;r mejiQy'

fuz wjOsfha fld<U m1foaYfha fn#oaOhkag wkqYdikd lrkakg W.;a jskhOr OrAuOr iajduSka jykafia kula ke;slu ksid fn#oaOhkag n,j;a Ialr;djkg uqyqK mdkakg is jsh' Tjqka r;au,dkg meusK yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., uyd ia:jsrhka jykafia uqK.eiS lreKq myod ka jsg Wkajykafia r;au,dfka mruOuzufpz;sh msrsfjfka lghq;2j,g ydkshla fkdjk mrsos fld<U fldgfyafka mrudkkao jsydrhg jevu fldg jsYd, fiajhla bgq l<y'

fu l, Wka jykafia <Z.ska u weiqre l< wh w;r fodka ms,sma o is,ajd wEmd wmamqydus uq,ska u isgsfha h' Wka jykafiag fld<Ug jevu lrk

msgqj 08

f,i wershquz lsrSug uq,a jQfhao t;2ud h' wdNsOuzuslhl2 f,i fyj;a odrAYkslhl2 f,i f,da m;< jQ Wka jykafia mrujs{dkdrA: iud.fuz m1:u wkqYdiljrhdfKda h' uydfndaOs iud.fuz wdruzNl iNdm;sjrhdfKda h' ud,s.dlkafoa tla;rd ksfjil jiajik f,i fodka ms,sma o is,ajd wEmd wmamqydus jsiska Wka jykafiag wdrdOkh lrkq ,enqfjz fuz wjOsfha h'

nqiuh" md,s" ixialD; yd isxy, wdoS NdId Ydia;1 NslaIQkajykafia,dg;a .syshkag;a m1.2K lerjSfuz n,j;a wdYdfjka isgs yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., ysushkag tu jia jik ,o w,xldr ksfji tys whs;slre jQ ud;r wkaos1ia fmfrArd OrAu.2KjrAOk uqykaosruz;2ud jsiska mrs;Hd. lrk ,j 3095 fkdjeuznrA =3 jk osk tys jsfoHdaoh msrsfjk wdruzN lrk ,oS' t;2ud tlS ksfji iys; bvu mrs;Hd.l<d muKla fkdj iqiq mrsos f.dvke.s,s ;kd .ekSu iZoyd remsh,a 3="=== la o mrs;Hd. lrk ,oS' r;au,dfka OrAudf,dal ysushka jsiska mE,shf.dv jsoHd,xldr msrsfjk wdruzN lrk ,oafoa 3097 fkdjeusnrA =3 jk od h' fuu msrsfjka fol msysgqjd,Sfuka" YS1 ,xldfjz fn#oaO mqkreoh we;s l< fmros. YdId Ydia;1 ms<snZo mrsK; oekqula we;s .sys mejsos mZvsjre rdYshla fuz rfgz nsysjQy'

ls1ia;shdks usIkdrs jHdmdrhg tfrys j m1:ujrg jd.a m1ydr t,a, jQ noafoa.u jdofha oS *ls'j'3087 fmnrjdrs =0( mQcH fudfydgzgsj;af;a

msgqj 09

.2Kdkkao ysushka we;2ZM y;<sia kula muK jQ YslaIQka jykafia,dg bgq fojshl2 jQfha yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdysusfhda h' tfia u .2Kdkkao ysushka uq,a jS meje;a jQ mxp uyd jdoj,oS o yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdysushkaf.ka ,enqKq Wmldr yd Wmfoia fndfyda h' ta w;r u wOsudi jdoh" nqoaOjrAI jdoh" kK,< jdoh iy mdremk jdoh hkqfjka jeo.;a Ydia;S1h jdo i;rlg o Wka jykafia iyNd.s jQy' YS1 ,xldjg nqoaOd.u yZkajd ka oskh jQ ls1 mQ 469 isg fmdfyda osk rcfha ksjdvq njg m;a jsKs' Tz,kaohka wm rg hg;a ler f.k isgs ld,fha tu jrm1idoh wmg wysus jsh' 3006 ckjdrs 40 jk od jsfoHdaoh msrsfjfka oS msysgqjd.;a fn#oaO wdrlaIl lusgqfjz oS iuzu; ler .;a fhdackdjla wkqj ke;s jS .sh fn#oaO whs;sjdisluz oskd .ekSu iZoyd ,xvkfha hg;a jscs; Ndr uyf,aluz;2udg lreKq bosrsm;a lsrSu msKsi .sh irA fykars iagS,a Tz,algz;2ud jsiska 3006 wfm1a,a =8 jk osk bosrsm;a lrk ,o ixfoaYfhys m1;sM,hla jYfhka 3007 udrA;2 49 jk osk" fjila fmdfydh oskh m1isoaO ksjdvq oskhla f,i m1ldY lersKs' 3007 fjila fmdfydh oskh tu jifrA wfm1a,a 40 jk odg fhoS ;2nqKs' tu ft;sydisl oskh W;aijYS1fhka ieurSu iZoyd m;a l< fn#oaO lusgqfjys uq,a ;eka .;af;a yslalvqfjz kd ysusfhda h'

fn#oaOhd f.a tlai;alu ksrEmKh lefrk ixfla;hla nZ fn#oaO fldvsh 3007 fjila fmdah osk tijSug uq,a jQfha fuu lusgqj hs' fldgfyafka oSm;a;udrduh" ud,s.dlkafoa jsfoHdaoh msrsfjk"

msgqj 00

le,Ks jsydrh" mru js{dkdrA: fn#oaO iud.fuz uQ,ia:dkh iy yqKqmsgsfha .x.drduh uq,ska u fn#oaO fldvsh tie jQ ia:dkfhda h' fuz lreK ksus;s lerf.k ud,s.dlkafoa jsfoHdaoh msrsfjfka oS iquOqr OrAu foaYkhla mj;ajk ,oafoa yslalvqfjz kd ysushka jsisks'

Wka jykafia 3095 isg 3-33 olajd ;sia wg jil muK ld,hla jsfoHdaoh mrsfjKdOsm;s j jev fjfiuska il, f,daljdiS fn#oaO ck;djg u w.;sfhka f;dr j wus, fiajdjla bgq l<y' jsfoHdaoh msrsfjkska Wka jykafia wdruzN l< kj wOHdmk l1uh )YS1 iqux., wOHdmk l1uh) kuska yeZoskafjz' Wka jykafia wkqYdil;ajh oerE )jsoHdOdr) iNdj uZ.ska is jQ fiajh buy;a h'

Wka jykafia f.a mqZM,a k<,a ;,h Wka jykafia ;2< we;s mdKavs;Hh fudkjg meyeos<s flf<a h' Wka jykafia f.a ;shqKq fofk;ska m1{dfjz wdf,dalh jsysfKa h' yeu jsg)u mrdrA:h .ek is;@ Wka jykafia lsis jsfgl ;u iqL jsyrKh .ek fyda jsfjzlh .ek fyda is;2fjz ke;' lreKdfjz" ohdfjz yd wkqluzmdfjz fkdls,sgs iqjZo Wka jykafia fj;ska yud wdfha h'

fld<U wdkkao jsoHd,h msysgqjd,Sfuz oS Wka jykafia f.k .sh wNS; ls1hd udrA.h lsis isxy,hl2g wu;l l< fkdyel' fuz rfgz fn#oaO orejka ksisuZ.g .ekSu iZoyd 3008 fkdjeuznrA

msgqj 0-

=3 jeks osk msgfldgqfjz fn#oaO bx.S1is mdi, *miqj fld<U wdkkao jsy,( wdruzN lsrSfuys ,d Wkajykafia mqfrda.duS jQy' tu mdi, nsys lsrSfuz we;s jeo.;alu .ek fudfydgzgsj;af;a .2Kdkkao ysus" bx.S1is cd;sl iS'vnz' f,vznSgrA *tys m1:u jsy,am;s( wdoSka iuZ. Wka jykafia l< idlpzPd ft;sydisl f,aLkj, ijsia;r j iZoyka ler we;' msgfldgqfjz fn#oaO bx.S1is mdi, msysgq jQ osk Wka jykafia jsfYaI foaYkhla o mj;ajd we;' YS1 ,xldfjz fn#oaO mqkreoh we;s lsrSu iZoyd wdkkaoh jeks fY1IaG fn#oaO mdi,a msysgqjSug uq,a jQ yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kdhl yduqrejka jykafiag isxy, fn#oaO ck;dj iod Kh.e;s h'

yslalvqfjz ysusfhda ;uka i;2 ish,a, oka oSfuys leue;s ysus kuls' ke;s ners flkl2 fldhs fjz,dfjz meusKsh;a Wka jykafia Tyq ysia w;ska hejzfjz ke;' iqux., ysushka f.a fuz mqu oka oSfuz isrs; ksid jsfoHdaoh msrsfjfka jev lghq;2j,g mjd n,j;a wjysr we;s jQ nj fmfka' fuz ksid oskla Wka jykafia f.a f.da, kula wdrdufha w,audrs h;2re oud jid ;enSh' fuz w;r NslaIQka jykafia kula meusK isjqrla b,a,d isgsfha h' Wka jykafia isjqrla fidhd .ekSu iZoyd w,audrsfha h;2re fidhd ne,Q kuq;a fidhd .ekSug fkdyels jsh' miqj tlS iajduSka jykafia tmd lshoaoS;a ;uka jykafia fmdrjd isgs isjqr .,jd mrs;Hd. fldg Wka jykafia yeZo isgs wZokh msgska u isgsh y'

msgqj -=

jfrl OrAumd,;2ud f.a fidfydhqfrla Wka jykafiag b;d w.kd weZo we;srs,a,la mrs;Hd. flf<a h' tu weZo we;srs,af,a jgskdlu ksid;a w,xldrlu ksid;a iqj myiq;dj ksid;a OrAumd, ;2ud f.a fidfydhqrl2 msrskeuQ ksid;a th gsl l,lg fyda oka fkdoS mdjspzps lrkq we;ehs fndfyda fokd is;@y' tfy;a oskla hula b,a,df.k meusKs mam;l2g th o mrs;Hd. l<y' th Tyq w;g m;a lrk .uka )lreKdlr blauKska wrf.k hkak) hkqfjka o mjid we;' Wka jykafia tfia mjid we;af;a huz fyhlska mkaif,a fjk;a flfkl2 th gqjfyd;a tu odkuh msxlu lr.kakg Wka jykafiag bv fkd,efnkq we;ehs is;d jkakg we;' we;srs,a, ,enQ ;eke;a;d iqZM rla f.k f.dia th ,syd n,d )yfmdhs" fuz kdhl yduqrejka jykafia ie;fmk weZog oud ;snqKq ,iaik we;srs,a, fkaoe)hs ;udg u lshd .;af;a miq;ejs,s fjusks' Tyq th /f.k wdmiq mkai, n,d osjzfjz h' )wfka kdhl yduqrejfka" ;uqkakdkafia ug oS,d ;sfhkafka ;uqkakdkafia f.a wefZoa we;srs,a, fkao$ wfka fuzl wdmyq wrf.k ug fjk hula fokak) Tyq oKska jegS Wka jykafiag wdhdpkh flf<a h' tjsg Wka jykafia ka ms<s;2r fufia h_ ka foa kakdjhs' tal wrf.k .shdjhs')
osklg f; jrla nqka jeZoSu Wka jykafia f.a isrs; h' nquer msysgsfha jsfoHdaoh msrsfjfka mqia;ld,fhah' oskla nqka jeZo mvsfm< nisk jsg ;j;a NslaIQka jykafia kula Wka jykafiag Wojz lsrSu

msgqj -3

iZoyd miqmiska .uka l<y' wjdikdjlg fuka md meg,S foku u tl msg weo jegqKy' t;ekg osj wd wfkla ysusjre )kdhl yduqrejfka yqZ.la wudreoe)hs weiQy' );ksfhka jegqKd kuz wudre keye' fokafkla tlal jegspzps tlhs wudre) hkq Wka jykafia ka laIKsl ms<s;2r jsh'

fld<U isg uykqjr olajd hk uzrshl m<uqjk mka;sfha ueosrshl nq,;a ymk jfhdjDoaO ysuskula jdvs jS hkq gq tu ueosrsfha u .uka l< iqoaoka fofofkla Wkajykafia jeroSulska Bg f.dvjkakg we;ehs is;d uy yZv kZ.d iskdfiuska Wkajykafiag b;d my;a wkaouska wmydi lruska .sfhda h' tu uzrsh fmd,a.yfj, oS keje;a jQ miq kqjr isg fld<U n,d tk uzrshla o meusK k;r flf<a h' tu uzrsfhys wdKavqldr irA wd;rA yeus,agka;2ud o isgsfha h' iajduSkajykafia isgs ueosrsh;a t;2ud isgs ueosrsh;a <xj k;r jsKs' wdKavqldr;2ud iajduSka jykafia oel yZkdf.k jyd ish ueosrsfhka nei iajduSka jykafia isgs ueosrshg f.dia Wka jykafiag uy;a fia f.#rj olajd f;dr;2re jspdf<a h' fofokd bx.S1isfhka l< tu idlpzPdjg ijka oS isgs hglS iqoaoka fofokdg ;re fmkqKs' ta f,dalmQcs; yslalvqfjz kdhl yduqrejka jykafia nj Tjqka oek.;af;a tjsg h' ;uka w;ska is jQ jrog Tjqyq kd ysushkaf.ka iudj wheo isgshy' jeroS ;sfnkafka ;uka jykafiag fkdj Tjqkag nj fmkajd ka kd ysusfhda usksia .;s fudkjdoehs Tjqkag lshd kay'

$$w$$$$e$$$$a$$$$p$$$$d$$$$a$$=6
msgqj -4

wo fuka u iq md,lhka f.a md,kh meje;s iufha;a YS1 o<od jykafiag oelajqfKa n,j;a f.#rjfhls' o<od jykafia lsisjl2g ys;2Kq ys;2Kq fj,djg krUkakg bv kafka ke;' fuz w;r lduzfndacfha rdclShhka msrsila YS1 o<od jykafia jeZo mqod .ekSu msKsi osjhskg iem;a jQy' Tjqyq uykqjr o<od uerg iem;a jQfha YS1 iqux., ysushka o legqj h' o<od jkaokdjg l,ska wjir f.k fkd ;2nQ ksid Bg bv osh fkdyels nj tu msrsig okajd isgsfhka Tjqyq uy;a Ialr;djlg uqyqK mEy'

fuz wjia:dfjz oS f.darAvka ,xldKavqldr;2ud wil2 msg keZ.S o<od uer foig meusfKkq gq iqux., ysusmdfKda t;2udg fmfkk fia bosrshg jevu l<y'

)wehs iajduSks" wo fuz me;af;a$) wd.1Kavqldr;2ud kuialdrmQrAjl j Wka jykafiaf.ka jsueiS h' tjsg Wka jykafia isjS we;s foa meyeos<s ler ka miq w.1dKavqldr;2ud jyd u ta msrsig o<od jykafia m1orAYkh lrjkakehs ksfhda. ler hkakg .sfha h'

iajfoaYslhka muKla fkd j jsfoaYslhka mjd Wka jykafiag oela jQ f.#rjh uska meyeos<s fjz'

tla;rd iajduSka jykafia kulg jsreoaO j nrm;< fpdaokdjla lruska ilia l< fm;aiula fuz wjOsfha YS1 iqux., ysushka fj; ,enS ;2nqKs' fpdaokdj kuz" tlS NslaIqj mkaif,a bosrsmi ldurfha wfYdaNk f,i yeiqrefKa h hkak h' meusKs,slrejkq;a js;a;sldr ysusku;a leZojQ Wka jykafia kvqj jspdf<a fufia h'

msgqj -5

meusKs,slrejkaf.ka_ kqU,d fuu isoaosh weiska gqjdo$

ms<s;2r_ tfyuhs yduqrejfka'

meusKs,slrejkaf.ka_ ta fldfyaoS o$

ms<s;2r_ yduqrejfka" mkaif,a biaf;damamq ldurfha fodr ljqZMfjkqhs wms fuzl gqfjz'

js;a;sfhka_ fuz fpdaokdj .ek hula lshkak ;sfhkjdo$

ms<s;2r_ wfka kdhl yduqrejfka" fuzl wuQ,sl fndre fpdaokdjla' fuz Wojsh ud iuZ. we;slr f.k ;sfnk n,j;a BrAIHdj ksidhs fufyu lr ;sfnkafka'

YS1 iqux., ysus_ fydZohs" tfykuz Th lshk ;ek n,kak huq'

ish,af,da isoaOsh jQ ;ekg meusKshy' mkai,g meusKs fm;aiuz lrejka f.a uqyqKq u,dksl jS ;2nqKs' fya;2j fm;aifuz iZoyka l< wkaofuz biaf;damamq ldurhla tu mkaif,a fkdue;s jSu h' tys oS YS1 iqux., ysusfhda .rAck iajrfhka l:d l<y'

YS1 iqux., ysus_ )fmkakdm,a,d ug biaf;damamq ldurh)

meusKs,slrefjda_ )wfka yduqrejfka" wms kuz fuz mkai,g uSg l,ska wejs,a,d kE' wmsg fuz fm;aiu fuz jsoshg ,shkak lSfjz''''rd<ydus')

msgqj -6

YS1 iqux., ysus tlS iajduSka jykafia wu;d )ys; krla lr .kak tmd' Tjeks fpdaokd wykak ,enSu iajdNdjsl hs' l,n, fkdjS ;j;a fydZoska uyKouz mqrdf.k bkak)' hkqfjka mejiQy'

tl, iqm1lg mqj;am;a l;2jrhl2 jQ mE,sia wmamqydus f.a lrA;D;ajfhka m< lereKq ckms1h mqj;am;ls" )ljg l;slhd)' oskla yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., ysusfhda mE,sia wmamqydus l;2 ;2ud leZojd fufia jsuiQy' )mE,sia uy;auhd" Tfnz m;1h fndfydu fydZohs" tafla fydZo rij;a jsysZM ;sfhkjd' nerso" wmg;a taflka fmdvs jsysZMjla lrkak$)

B<Z. m;1fha jsysZMj m< jsh' tu jsysZMj .ek hula jsuikakg is;d Wka jykafia tosk u rd;s1fha mE,sia wmamqydus fidhd .shy' yslalvqfjz ysushka jvskq gq mE,sia wmamqydus jyd u miaid fodrska mek .sfha h'

)flda mE,sia$) ysusfhda mE,sia wmamqydus f.a nsrsZof.ka weiQy'

)fldfya .shdo okafk kE kdhl yduqrejfka) wehf.a ms<s;2r jsh'

)tfykuz mE,siag fyg Wfoka u wejs;a ud yuqfjkak lshdmka) hkqfjka mjid Wka jykafia wdmiq mkai,g jevu l<y'

miq od WoEik mE,sia l;2;2ud o Wka jykafia neyeoelSu iZoyd jsydrhg .sfha h' mE,sia meusKs miq Wka jykafia Tyqf.ka fufia weiQy'

msgqj -7

)mE,sia" uu Bfha ? WfUz f.org tkfldg WU fldfya o .syska ysgsfha$)

)wfka yduqrejfka" Tn jykafia ? fj,d wfma f.org jvsk fldg uu fldfydu o f.or bkafka$)

ta weiQ yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., ysusfhda js,sfhka usrsfluska isky my< l<y'

tjsg" Ùiudjkak kdhl yduqrejfka" uu jsysZMj jevsr f.kspzpdgÙ hkqfjka mejiQ mE,sia l;2;2ud Wka jykafiaf.ka iudj b,a,d isgsfha h' Wka jykafia jsysZM lrkakg fukau jsysZM jsZo.kakg;a iu;a nj tjsg ÙWU olaIhdÙ lshuska Tyq fj; mE lreKdnr ne,afuka meyeos,s jsh'

Tz,algz;2ud oskla fmr jsiQ lZo ms<sfj< ms<snZo j ne?reuz m1Yakhla YS1 iqux., ysushkaf.ka jsueiS h'

yduqrejfka" fmr ysgmq cd;sh" f.da;1h" l2,h yd ta ld,j, jsZos iem la .ek )mqnzfnzksjdidkqiai;s [dKh) ;sfhk ;eke;a;dg lshkak mqZMjka,q' hfula uereKdg miafi mxpialkaOh yd is;a mruzmrd ke;s jS hkjd' b;ska fldfyduo fmr jsiQ lZo ms<sfj< .ek oek.kafka$) hkak t;2ud f.a m1Yak jsh'

)Tfnz OrAuh ms<snZo oekqu Th m1Yakfhka u f;areuz hkjd) hkqfjka mjid isky my< l< Wka jykafia t;2udf.ka fufia jsueiQy_

)Tfnz rg fldfya o$)

msgqj -8

)wfursldj)

)Tn fldmuK ld,hla tys isgshd o$)

wjqre ;sia tlla)

)oeka Tn tfya ysgmq f.a ;sfhkjd o$)

)wfka kE yduqrejfka" wmg oeka ta f.a;a j;a;;a kE'

)tajdg fudlo jqfKa$)

)wdKavqjg wrf.k f.a lvd oud j;a; Wvska frA,a mdrla oeuzud')

)Tng oeka tod ;2nqKq f.a ysf;ka olskak mqZMjka o$

)mqZMjks" yduqrejfka)

t;2ud tfia ms<s;2re fouska u ;ud weiQ m1Yakhg ms<s;2r tu m1Yakfhys .enz jS ;sfnk nj oek )oeka ug f;afrkjd uf.a m1Yakhg kshus; W;a;rh) hkqfjka mjid ksyZv jsh'

crAuka cd;sl fmda,a vd,afla kue;s mZvsjrhd Ùi;a;ajhdÙ hkq ljfrlaoehs Wkajykafiaf.ka jsueiSh' Wka jykafia ish ol2K); usg fud<jd fmkajd ta lsfulaoehs t;2udf.ka weiQy' ÙiajduSks" usgÙ lshd t;2ud ms<s;2re kafka h' h<s;a Wka jykafia usfgys weZ.s,s nqre,a lr ta lsfulaoehs weiQy' ÙiajduSks" ta weZ.s,sÙ hhs vd,afla ms<s;2re kafka h' ta ms<s;2r;a iuZ.u Tyqg ish meKhg

msgqj -9

ms<s;2r ,enS we;s nj f;areuz .sfha h' tkuz" i;a;ajhd hkq mxpialkaOh tl;2 jQ jsg lshk ku jskd fjku fohla fkdjk njh'

3-33 wfm1,a 43 jk od rd;s1fha Wka jykafia ie;mS isgs l2gsh ;2<ska flZosrs,s yZvla keZ.2Ks' YsIH NslaIqka jykafia,d lSm kula jyd osjjs;a l2gsfhys fodrg ;gzgq l<y' tfy;a fodr jsjD; jQfha ke;' miqj fodr lvd ne,Q jsg olskakg ,enqfKa foia jsfoia m;< uyd lSrA;shla we;s" ;s1msgljd.SYajrdpdrAh" jsfoHdaoh uyd mrsfjKdOsm;s" yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., kd ysus kue;s fY1IaG mZvs rejk ihkfhka jegS isgsk njh'

fjoerl2 meusK mrSlaId lr n,d Wka jykafiaf.a ol2Kq Wl2ZM wegh oreKq f,i nsZoS we;s nj mejiS h' Wl2ZM wegh levqKq ;ekg fnfy;a nekao fjoerd ta me;a; Wvg isgsk fia Wka jykafia ihkfhys i;mjd )f,vd fldydgj;a yrjkak tmd) hkqfjka Wmfoia oS hkakg .sfha h' tl u me;a;g yerS osk .Kka ie;mS isgSu fldfl;a Ialr fohlaoehs ldg;a jgyd .; yels fohls' Wka jykafia o tu mSvkhg m;a j n,j;a fia la jskaoy' tla w;lska ;2jd,fha fjzokdj h' wfkla w;ska tla wxYhlg yerS isgSfuz fjzokdj h' fldf;la lkak,jz l<;a iqZM jYfhka fyda Wka jykafia fid,jkakg lsisfjl2 bosrsm;a fkd jQfha h' tfia bosrsm;a fkd jQfha Wka jykafia blaukska iqjm;a lrjd .ekSug we;s wdYdj ksid nj Wka jykafia oek isgshy'

msgqj -0

oskla fjzokdj bjeiquz fkdfok ;ek Wka jykafia Wmia:dhlhdg l:d l<y'

)WQU ug i,lkjdo$

)tfyuhs yduqrejfka)

)uu WfUka Wojzjla b,a,qfjd;a WU tal bgq lrkjdo$)

)tfyuhs yduqrejfka)

ug tlu me;a;g bZo,d yrs wudrehs' udj wfkla me;a;g yrjdmka)

)wfka yduqrejfka TzkE fohla lrkakuz" tal kuz lrkak nE')

)WU yrs fndre ldrfhla' WU udj /jegzgqjd' WfUz leue;a;la lrmka' ta jqK;a uu WU tlal ;ry kE) ta Wka jykafia Tyqg ka ms<s;2r h' Wka jykafia l2vd orejl2 fuka wyxil nj tu isoaOsfhka meyeos<s fjz'

Wka jykafia T;afmd< j isgsh oS iqjla jspdrSu iZoyd meusKs irA i,uka vhia nKavdrkdhl" fmda,a B' mSrsia wdoSka wu;d ;uka jykafia f.a wNdjfhka miq jsfoHdaoh msrsfjk;a isxy, cd;sh;a nqoaOd.u;a wdrlaId lr .kakehs b,a,d isgsh y' tfia u Wka jykafia wjika fudfydf;a jsoHd,xldr mrsfjKdOsm;s r;au,dfka OrAudrdu kdysushka wu;d isxy, cd;sh;a nq oyu;a mK fuka iqrlsk fia b,a,d isgshy' Wka jykafia f.a fcHIaG YsIHhl2 jQ

msgqj --

uyf.dv YS1 {dfkaYajr kdysushka Wka jykafia yeZoskajQfha )fojsfhda) hk wkajrA: kdufhks' n;a;ruq,af,a YS1 iqN@;s ysushka Wka jykafiag ie,l2fjz nqjrhl2g fuks'

flfia fj;;a tu f,v wefZoka keZ.ejs;a ;j rg;a rgg + oehg + iuhg fiajh lrkakg Wka jykafiag kqmqZMjka jsh' 3-33 wfm1a,a ui 4- jk od uqZM fy< osjhsk u fida ihqfrA .s,ajuska jsfoHdaoh uy msrejkam;s" ;s1msgljd.SYajrdpdrAh yslalvqfjz YS1 iqux., uy mZvsrejkayq wmj;a jS jodf<da h'

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