Son of Ajátasattu. When Ajátasattu, after the death of his father, paid his first visit to the Buddha and saw the Buddha seated amidst the monks in a scene of perfect calm and silence, his first thought was: "Would that my son, Udáyibhadda, might have such calm as this." (D.i.50).
Buddhaghosa explains (DA.i.153) this thought by saying that Ajátasattu feared that his son might follow his own example and kill him as he had killed his own father. His fears were justified, for he was killed by his son Udáyibhadda, who reigned for sixteen years.
The latter, in his turn, was killed by his son Anuruddhaka (Mhv.iv.1ff. According to Dvy. his son was Munda).
It was in Udáyibhadda's eighth year that Vijaya, king of Ceylon, died, and in his fifteenth year that Panduvasudeva came to the throne (Sp.i.72). The Dípavamsa (iv.38; v.97; xi.8) calls him Udaya and the Mahábodhivamsa (p.96), Udayabhadda. See also Kálásoka.