Proper Names - P -
- Pamáda Vagga. The ninth chapter of the Eka Nipáta
of the Anguttara Nikiya. A.i.15f.
- Pamádavihárí Sutta. The difference between him
who dwells in heedlessness and him who dwells in earnest. S.iv.78.
- Pamatta. Fifteen kappas ago there were eight
kings of this name all previous births of Sapariváriya Thera. v.l. Samatta,
- Pamitá. One of the seven children of the
Síhahanu, and therefore a sister of Suddhodana. v.l. Pálitá. Mhv.ii.20;
MT.135; she is not mentioned in Dpv. (see iii.46).
- Pamokkharana. A king of seventy seven kappas ago,
a previous birth of Nágakesariya Thera. Ap.i.222.
- Pamsu Sutta. The five classes of pamsukúlikas,
corresponding to the five kinds of árańńakas. (See Arańńa Satta.) A.iii.219.
- Pamsudhovaka Sutta. The process of getting rid of
the impurities found in gold ore is a very gradual one, involving many stages;
so is the progress in ecstatic meditation, the first step in which is the
removal of the gross sins. A.i.253.
- Pamsukúlasańńika Thera. An arahant. He was a
hunter in the time of Tissa Buddha, and, one day, seeing in the forest a
pamsukúla robe of the Buddha, he worshipped it (Ap.ii.418f). He is probably
identical with Punnámása Thera. ThagA.i.297f.
Pamsukúlí, Pamsukúlino, Pamsukúliká
- Pamsupabbata vihára. A monastery in Ceylon,
mentioned as the residence of Bhuvenakabáhu Thera. P.L.C. 247.
- Pamsupisácaká. A class of pisácas, born in filth.
MA.ii.713, 921; UdA.247. The word is used as a term of contempt. E.g.,
AA.i.438; MA.ii.610, 611.
- Pána Sutta.
Few are they who abstain from taking life, more numerous they who do not.
- Pánadhidáyaka Thera.
An arahant. Ninety one kappas ago he gave a couch (pánadhi?) to a forest
dwelling sage. Seventy seven kappas ago he was eight times king under the name
of Suyána. Ap.i.208f.
- Pananagara. A village in Ceylon which was one of
the centres of the campaigns of Pandukábhaya. Mhv.x.27.
- Panasabukka, a village in the Guttahála district
of Ceylon. Cv.lxi.12.
- Panasaphaladáyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety one
kappas ago he saw the Pacceka Buddha Ajjuna in Himavá and offered him a ripe
jack fruit as large as a pot on a platter of leaves. Ap.i.297; cf. ibid.,
- Panasiyarája, a Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara.
- Panayamára or Panayamáraka. A Damila
ursurper who slew Báhiya, another ursurper, and reigned in Anurádhapura for
seven years (between 439 and 454) till he, in turn, was slain by his commander
in chief Pilayamára. Mhv.xxxiii.57ff.; Dpv.xix.15; xx.16.
- Pańca Sutta.
See Anattalakkhana Sutta. S.iii.66.
The name of Sanankumára when he was born as a human in a
former birth. He practised the jhánas, and having died in that state, was born
in the brahma world (MA.ii.584). More probably, Pańcacúlaka here is not a name
but a description meaning "while he was yet a lad with his hair tied in five
The disguise assumed by Vissakamma when, acting on Sakka's
orders, he went with Asoka to fetch the relics for his cetiyas. These relics
lay buried, and no one had been able to find them. DA.ii.614; see Pańcacúlaka
above for more probable explanation.
- Pańcadípika Thera.
An arahant. He was once a follower of Padumuttara Buddha
and lit a lamp under his bodhi tree. Thereby he obtained the power of being
able to see through all obstacles. Thirty-four kappas ago he was king, under
the name of Satacakkhu. Ap.i.108.
Pańcagaru Játaka (No. 132) = Bhiruka Játaka
- Pańcagati Buttá.
A series of suttas in which the Buddha declares that,
through not understanding the four Ariyan truths, beings continue to be born
in one or other of the five conditions: as humans, animals, petas, devas, or
in the nirayas. S.v.474ff.
The name of a Commentary. Gv.65, 75.
- Pańcaggalalenavásí Tissa.
A young novice who could travel through the air. One day,
while so journeying, he heard the daughter of the chief artisan of Girgáma
singing in a lotus pond while bathing with five hundred friends. He was
attracted by her voice and lost his concentration of mind. SNA.i.70.
See Pandaka and Pańciká.
- Pańcala vihára.
A monastery in Sonnagiripáda (in Ceylon); the residence of
the monk Sona, the son of a hunter. AA.i.255. See also Pipphali Vihára.
Pańcála, Pańcálajanapada, Pańcálarattha,
of the ten sons of Kálásoka (q.v.).
A place in Mahámeghavana in Anurádhapura. Here Dárubhatika
Tissa had a pond made, which was later filled up by Dhátusena, who had a
series of cells built there. It is probably identical with Pańhambamálaka
(q.v.). Mhv.xxxiv.23; MT 626.
- Pańcangika Vagga.
The third section of the Pańcaka Nipáta of the Anguttara
Nikáya. A.iii.14 32.
- Pańcanguliya Thera.
An arahant. Ninety two kappas ago he approached Tissa
Buddha, who was entering the Gandhakuti, and offered him a handful of perfume.
Seventy two kappas ago he was a king called Sayampabhá. Ap.i.186.
An assembly hall in the Lohapásáda, where the monks living
to the north of the Maháválukanadí used regularly to assemble at the end of
the rainy season. DA.ii.581.
- Pańcanívarana Sutta.
On the five nívaranas, their evil results and the means of
getting rid of them. A.i.3ff.
Pańcapandita Játaka (No. 508)
Name given to the collection of the books of the
Abhidhammapitaka, with the exception of the Dhammasangani and the Vibhanga.
There is a Commentary on these by Buddhaghosa and Ananda Vanaratana.
P.L.C.210; Gv.64 75.
A brahmin village of Magadha. For an episode connected with
it see Pinda Sutta. S.i.113; DhA.iii.257; Mil.154.
A district in Ceylon (the modern Pansiyapattu to the North
east of Kandy) where King Senáratna once deposited the Tooth Relic to guard it
from his enemies. Cv.xcv.9.
The name given to the First Council, which was held under
the presidency of Mahá Kassapa. Five hundred monks took part in it, hence its
The eleventh section of the Cullavagga of the Vinaya
A building erected in Pulatthipura by Parakkamabáhu I. for
"the reception of the magic water and the magic thread given him by the yellow
robed ascetics. " (Cv.lxxiii.73) Geiger suggests that the building was used
for paritta ceremonies. Cv.Trs.ii.9, n.2.
- Pańcasikha Sutta.
Pańcasikha visits the Buddha at Gijjhakúta and asks how it
is that some beings are wholly set free in this very life, while others are
not. The Buddha enlightens him. S.iv.103f.
- Pańcasikkhápada Sutta.
On account of a common element those who commit the five
evils take life, steal, etc. consort with those who do likewise. S.ii.167.
- Pańcasíla Sutta.
The five things, being possessed of which makes women to be
born in purgatory the taking of life, theft, wrong sensuous indulgence,
falsehood, the use of intoxicants. These are to be guarded against. S.iv.245.
- Pańcattaya Sutta.
Preached at Jetavana. It deals with various schools of
thought and their doctrines regarding the future. Some say the self is
conscious, others deny this; some teach annihilation, others deny that. The
Buddha does not support any of these speculations. M.ii.228ff.
- Pańcatthánadána Sutta.-The
name given in the Sutta Sangaha (No. 58) to the Bhojana Sutta (2) (q.v.).
A place near Pulatthinagara to which Parakkamabáhu I. and
his followers retreated while awaiting a favourable opportunity to advance
against Mánábharana. Cv.lxxii.116f.
- Pańcavudha Játaka
Pańcávudha-kumára. See Pańcávudha Játaka.
A district in the Dakkhinadesa of Ceylon, the modern
Pasyodunkorala. It is mentioned in various campaigns, and was irrigated and
made fertile by Parakkamabáhu I. In it was the Bhímatittha vihára, once the
repository of the Tooth Relic. Cv.Ivii.71; lxi.35; lxviii.51; lxxii.57;
See Moggallána Pańciká.
The name of the districts lying round the modern city of
Kandy. Cv.xciv.4; xcv.23, 24; xcvi.17; see Geiger, Cv.Trs.ii.233, n.2.
Pańcuposatha Játaka (No. 490)
- Pandaraká. The name of a river which is mentioned
with Mallangiri and Tikúta as a haunt of Kinnarí's. (J.iv.438, 439).
- Pandaranga. A sect of brahmin ascetics; they are
mentioned in the time of the Buddha (E.g., DhA.iv.8) and also in that of
Asoka. Perhaps they covered their bodies with ashes. E.g., Dpv.viii.35;
- Pandarasa. See Pandara (5).
- Pandavávana. A park laid out by Parakkamabáhu I.
- Pandavavápí. A tank and a monastery in Ceylon,
restored by Vijayabáhu I. (Cv.lx.48, 58). The tank was later enlarged by
Parakkamabáhu I. and converted into the Parakkamasamudda. Ibid., lxviii.39;
for its identification see Cv.Trs.i.219, n.1.
- Pandimandalanádálvara. A Damila chief.
- Panditakumáraka. A Licchavi who, with Abhaya,
visited Ananda at the Mahávana in Vesáli and held a discussion regarding
ascetic practices. A.i.220f.
- Panditapańha. See Pańcapanditapańha.
- Pandiyaráyara. A Damila chief. Cv.lxxvi.174, 178.
- Pandriya. A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara.
- Pandugati Nanda.-One of the Nava-Nandá.
- Panduka Nanda.-One of the Nava-Nandá.
- Pandula. A brahmin of Pandulagáma, rich and
learned in the Vedas. He taught Pandukábhaya, advised him in the choice of a
wife, gave him one hundred thousand with which to raise an army, and allowed
his son Canda to accompany him as his friend and counsellor. Mhv.x.20ff.
- Pandulagáma. The residence of Pandula (q.v.); it
was to the south of Anurádhapura. Mhv.x.20.
- Pandunádukottána. A locality in South India.
- Pandupura. A village near Sávatthi. DhA.iii.449.
- Panduvijaya. A village founded by Parakkamabáhu
I. in memory of his conquest of the Pandu country. Cv.lxxvii.105.
- Panga. The name of a Pacceka Buddha, found in a
nominal list. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.
A place near the Abhayavápi in Anurádhapura. SA.iii.151.
- Panihita-acchanna Vagga. The fifth section of the
Eka Nipáta of the Anguttara Nikáya. A.i.8 10.
- Panítatara Sutta. The four kinds of birth among
the Nágas and the pre eminent among them. S.iii.240.
- Paniva. A locality in South India.
Páníya Játaka (No. 459)
One of the gates of Pulatthipura erected by Parakkamabáhu I. Cv.lxxiii.162.
A mountain in South Ceylon, at the source of the
Karindanadí. Here Theraputtábhaya lived after he renounced the world and
became an arahant. v.l. Pańcalipabbata, Pajjalitapabbata. Mhv.xxxii.14;
A township in Kosala, the residence of a monk named Kassapa
of the Kampagotta. The Buddha is mentioned as having once stayed there during
his tours in Kosala. A.i.236; AA.i.446.
- Pankavela. A village in Ceylon where Vikkamabáhu
II. defeated Jayabáhu I. and his brothers. Cv.lxi.16; see also Cv. Trs.i.226,
- Pańńa Játaka.
See Pániya Játaka
- Pańńá Sutta 1.
On the four powers: wisdom, energy, innocence (anavajja)
and collectedness or kindness (sangáha). A.ii.142.
- Pańńa Sutta 2.
On eight reasons and causes which strengthen elementary
wisdom (ádibrahmacariyiká pańńá). A.iv.151ff.
- Pańńá Sutta.
Few are they blessed with insight; more numerous they that
are not. S.v.467.
- Pańńa Vagga.
The third section of the Patisambhidámagga.
- Pannabhatta. A village given by Aggabodhi V. for
the maintenance of the Tálavatthu (or Mahásena) vihára. Cv.xlviii.8.
- Pannakata. A city in Esikárattha. Pv.iv.7;
- Pannańjalika Thera. An arahant. Ninety two kappas
ago he lay grievously ill at the foot of a tree in the forest. The Buddha
Tissa, in his compassion, came to him, and Pannańjalika, unable to rise,
clasped his hands above his head and worshipped the Buddha. Five kappas ago he
was king five times, under the name of Mahásikha. Ap.i.128.
- Pannasálaka. A village in Ceylon. Kalyánavatí,
the first queen consort of Kitti Nissanka, was fond of this village and built
a vihára there, endowing it with all manner of possessions. Cv.lxxx.35.
- Pannattankotta. A locality in South India,
mentioned in the account of Lankápura's campaigns. Cv.lxxvi.313.
Pańńattivádá (v.l. Pannatti-)
- Pannattiváda. See Pańńattiváda.
- Pańńavá Sutta.
A monk who cultivates the seven factors of wisdom can be
called intelligent. S.v.467.
- Pannavallakabhúta. A monastery in Ceylon, built
by Dhátusena. Cv.xxxviii.47.
- Pańńávuddhi Sutta.
The four states which conduce to growth in wisdom:
association with the good, hearing the Doctrine, right reflection, and right
behaviour in accordance with the Dhamma. A.ii.245.
Pannika Játaka (No. 102)
- Panthaka 1, see Cúla Panthaka and
- Panthaka 2. Mentioned as the name of a man.
- Pápa Sutta.
The wicked man is he who takes life, steals, etc., and is of malicious heart;
more than wicked is he who encourages others in these things. Just so with the
good and the more than good. A.ii.222f.
- Pápa Vagga.
The ninth section of the Dhammapada.
- Pápadhamma Sutta.
On the man who is wicked by nature and the one who is more than wicked; also
on him who is of goodly nature and the one who is more than goodly. A.ii.223.
A monk who, believing that his name was of ill omen, wished to change it. The
Buddha preached to him the Námasiddhi Játaka (q.v.) to show that a name has no
- Papańcasúdaní. Buddhaghosa's Commentary on the
Majjhima Nikáya. The colophon states that it was written at the request of the
monk Buddhamitta of Mayúrapattana. The work is quoted in the Samantapásádiká.
- Pápaniváriya Thera.
An arahant. In the time of Piyadassí Buddha he had cleaned the cloistered walk
of the Buddha and shown great exertion in the fulfilment of religious
practices. Eleven kappas ago he was a king, named Aggideva. Ap.i.212f.
- Papáta Sutta. The Buddha once went with some
monks to Patibhánakúta for the siesta, and a certain monk, seeing the
precipice below them, asked if any precipice were deeper than that. Yes,
answered the Buddha, the precipice of ignorance of the nature of dukkka.
- Papáta Vagga. The fifth chapter of the Sacca
- Papatita Sutta. He who does not possess the
virtue, the concentration, the wisdom and the release of the Ariyans, is said
to have fallen away from the Dhamma vinaya. A.ii.2.
- Pappata. A grove near the modern Colombo.
Parakkamabáhu VI erected there the Sunetta parivena in memory of his mother.
Cv.xci.24; see also Cv.Trs.ii.216, n.3 and 4.
- Papphálama. A landing place in Rámańńa where the
forces of Damiládhikarin landed. Cv.lxxvi.63.