1. Mágandiya. A brahmin of the Kuru country. He had a very beautiful daughter, called Mágandiyá. Many men of high station sought her hand, but the brahmin did not consider them worthy. The Buddha, one day, became aware that both Mágandiya and his wife were ready for conversion, so he visited their village. Mágandiya saw him, and, noting the auspicious marks on his body, told him of his daughter and begged him to wait till she could be brought. The Buddha said nothing, and Mágandiya went home and returned with his wife and daughter arrayed in all splendours. On arriving, they found the Buddha had gone, but his footprint was visible, and Mágandiya's wife, skilled in such matters, said that the owner of such a footprint was free from all passion. But Mágandiya paid no attention, and, going a little way, saw the Buddha and offered him his daughter. The Buddha thereupon told them of his past life, his renunciation of the world, his conquest of Mára, and the unsuccessful attempts of Mára's very beautiful daughters to tempt him. Compared with them, Mágandiya was, he said, a corpse, filled with thirty two impurities, an impure vessel painted without; he would not touch her with his foot. At the end of the discourse, Mágandiya and his wife became anágámins. DhA.iii.193ff.; SNA.ii.542f.; cp. Dvy.515ff., where the name is given as Mákandika and he is called a parivrájaka. The daughter's name is given as Anúpamá and the wife's Sákalí.
It is said that they gave their daughter into the charge of her uncle, Culla Mágandiya, retired from the world, and became arahants. DhA.i.202
According to the Anguttara Commentary (AA.i.235f), Mágandiya's village was Kammásadamma, and the Buddha went there on his journey to Kosambí at the invitation of Ghosita, Kukkuta and Pávárika. He turned off the main road to visit Mágandiya.
See also Mágandiya (2), Mágandiya Sutta, and Mágandiyapañha.
2. Mágandiya. A Paribbájaka. The Buddha was once staying in the fire hut of the brahmin Bháradvájaggotta at Kammásadamma and Mágandiya came to the hut. Seeing the grass mat on which the Buddha slept at night, he inquired whose it was, and, on being told, he was very annoyed, calling the Buddha a rigid repressionist (bhunahu). Bháradvája protested, whereupon Mágandiya offered to repeat his charge to the Buddha's face. The Buddha, aware of this conversation, entered the hut in the evening and had a discussion with Mágandiya, who ended by joining the Order, later becoming an arahant. M.i.502ff.; Mil.313.
Buddhaghosa explains (MA.ii.681) that this Mágandiya was the nephew of Mágandiya (1).